Matthew 1:2

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New Testament Matthew 1

(Textus Receptus, Novum Testamentum, Theodore Beza, 4th folio edition. Geneva. 1598)

(King James Version, Pure Cambridge Edition 1900)

(King James Version 2016 Edition, 2016)

Contents

Interlinear

Strongs Greek Pronunciation KJV 1611 KJV 1900 KJV 2016 Parts of speech Case Tense Number Gender Person Voice Mood
11 Ἀβραὰμ av-rah-am’ Abraham Abraham Abraham Noun - - - - - - -
1080 ἐγέννησε e-ghen-nah-se’ begate begat begot Verb - Aorist Singular - Third Active Indicative
3588 τὸν ton - - - - Accusative Singular Masculine - - -
2464 Ἰσαάκ. ee-sah-ak’ Isaac Isaac Isaac Noun - - - - - - -
2464 Ἰσαάκ ee-sah-ak’ Isaac Isaac Isaac Noun - - - - - - -
1161 δὲ theh and and and Conjunction - - - - - - -
1080 ἐγέννησε e-ghen-nah-se’ begate begat begot Verb - Aorist Singular - Third Active Indicative
3588 τὸν ton - - - Accusative - Singular Masculine - - -
2384 Ἰακώβ. ee-ak-ove’ Iacob Jacob Jacob Noun - - - - - - -
2384 Ἰακώβ ee-ak-ove’ Iacob Jacob Jacob Noun - - - - - - -
1161 δὲ theh and and and Conjunction - - - - - - -
1080 ἐγέννησε e-ghen-nah-se’ begate begat begot Verb - Aorist Singular - Third Active Indicative
3588 τὸν ton - - - - Accusative - Singular Masculine - - -
2455 Ἰούδαν, ee-oo-dan’ Iudas Judas Judah Noun - - - - - - -
2532 καὶ kahee and and and Conjunction - - - - - - -
3588 τοὺς tous - - - - Accusative - Plural Masculine - - -
80 ἀδελφοὺς ad-el-fo-ooce’ bretheren bretheren bretheren - - - - - - - -
846 αὐτοῦ. ow-to-oo’ his his his - - - - - - - -

Commentary

A Jesse Tree by the Master of James IV of Scotland illustrates the genealogy that begins in this verse.
A Jesse Tree by the Master of James IV of Scotland illustrates the genealogy that begins in this verse.

Matthew 1:2 is the second verse of the first chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. The verse is the first part of the section where the genealogy of Joseph, the legal father of Jesus, is listed.

All twelve of Judah's brothers were the ancestors of the tribe from which the messiah would come and thus were mentioned here. The inclusion of the brothers is thus a reminder to the readers that it is from this group where the messiah will come.

This same genealogy is presented in six different places in the Old Testament.

Abraham

Ἀβραὰμ See Also Abraham

Begat/Begot

ἐγέννησε is translated as begat in the KJV 1611 and KJV 1900, and begot in the KJV 2016. From Middle English begeten, biȝeten, from Old English beġietan ‎(“to get, find, acquire, attain, receive, take, seize, happen, beget”), from Proto-Germanic *bigetaną ‎(“to find, seize”), equivalent to be- +‎ get. Cognate with Old Saxon bigitan ‎(“to find, seize”), Old High German bigezan ‎(“to gain, achieve, win, procure”).

See Also begotten, beget, Movable nu

Isaac

Ἰσαὰκ See Also Isaac

Isaac's birth is a miraculous one according to the Old Testament, and thus there is some symmetry with both the first and last births mentioned in the genealogy being miraculous ones.

Jacob

Ἰακὼβ See Also Jacob

Judas

Ἰούδαν See Also Judah

and his brethren

καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ

The KJV 'brethren' is changed to 'brothers' in the NKJV. But brethren means both brothers and sisters when that context warrants it. For example: Matthew 12:

47 Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee. 48 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? 49 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! 50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.

Thus in context, Jesus' sisters here are also considered "brethren".

In Matthew 1:2, the brethren included Dinah, the sister of Judah. Thus brothers is not as accurate as brethren.

Differences in King James Editions

A sketch of Michelangelo's destroyed Abraham - Isaac - Jacob - Judah.
A sketch of Michelangelo's destroyed Abraham - Isaac - Jacob - Judah.

Matthew's genealogy is considerably more complex than Luke's. It is overtly schematic, organized into three tesseradecads (sets of fourteen), each of a distinct character:

  • The first is rich in annotations, including four mothers and mentioning the brothers of Judah and the brother Zerah of Perez.
  • The second spans the Davidic royal line, but omits several generations, ending with "Jeconiah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon."
  • The last, which appears to span only thirteen generations, connects Joseph to Zerubbabel through a series of otherwise unknown names, remarkably few for such a long period.

The total of 42 generations is achieved only by omitting several names, so the choice of three sets of fourteen seems deliberate. Various explanations have been suggested: fourteen is twice seven, symbolizing perfection and covenant, and is also the gematria (numerical value) of the name David.

The rendering into Greek of Hebrew names in this genealogy is mostly in accord with the Septuagint, but there are a few peculiarities. The form Asaph seems to identify King Asa with the psalmist Asaph. Likewise, some see the form Amos for King Amon as suggesting the prophet Amos, though the Septuagint does have this form. Both may simply be assimilations to more familiar names. More interesting, though, are the unique forms Boes (Boaz, LXX Boos) and Rachab (Rahab, LXX Raab).

Omissions

Greek

Textus Receptus

Complutensian Polyglot

Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot

See Also Matthew 1:2 Complutensian Polyglot 1514

Desiderius Erasmus

Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1516 New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1516 New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1522 Greek New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1522 Greek New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1516 New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1516 New Testament of Erasmus

Colinæus

Stephanus (Robert Estienne)

Theodore Beza

Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1565 New Testament of Beza
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1565 New Testament of Beza
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1598 New Testament of Beza
Matthew 1:2 in Greek in the 1598 New Testament of Beza

See Also Matthew 1:2 Beza 1598

  • 1604 (Beza Octavo 5th)

Elias Hutter

Elzevir

Oxford Press

Scholz

Scrivener

Other Greek

  • Ἀβραὰμ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαάκ, Ἰσαὰκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ, Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰούδαν καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ, (Tischendorf 8th Ed)
  • 1881 Ἀβραὰμ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαάκ, Ισαὰκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ, Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰούδαν καὶ τοὺς άδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ, (Westcott and Hort)
  • 1904 Ἀβραὰμ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαάκ, Ἰσαὰκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ, Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰούδαν καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ, (Greek Orthodox)
  • Ἀβραὰμ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰσαάκ· Ἰσαὰκ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰακώβ· Ἰακὼβ δὲ ἐγέννησεν τὸν Ἰούδαν καὶ τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς αὐτοῦ· (Tregelles' Greek New Testament)

Anglo Saxon Translations

  • 1000 (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Manuscript 140, Corpus Christi College by Aelfric)
  • 1200 (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Hatton Manuscript 38, Bodleian Library by unknown author)

English Translations

Foreign Language Versions

Albabian

  • Abrahamit i lindi Isaku; Isakut i lindi Jakobi; Jakobit i lindi Juda dhe vëllezërit e tij.

Armenian

  • 1853 Աբրահամ ծնաւ Իսահակը. Իսահակ ծնաւ Յակոբը. Յակոբ ծնաւ Յուդան ու անոր եղբայրները. (Western Armenian NT)

Arabic

ابراهيم ولد اسحق. واسحق ولد يعقوب. ويعقوب ولد يهوذا واخوته (Smith & Van Dyke)

Aramaic

  • ܐܒܪܗܡ ܐܘܠܕ ܠܐܝܤܚܩ ܐܝܤܚܩ ܐܘܠܕ ܠܝܥܩܘܒ ܝܥܩܘܒ ܐܘܠܕ ܠܝܗܘܕܐ ܘܠܐܚܘܗܝ ܀

Basque

  • 1571 Abrahamec engendra ceçan Isaac. Eta Isaac-ec engendra ceçan Iacob. Eta Iacob-ec engendra citzan Iuda eta haren anayeac. (Navarro-Labourdin Basque NT)

Bulgarian

  • Авраам роди Исаака; Исаак роди Якова; Яков роди Юда и братята му;

Chinese

  • 亚 伯 拉 罕 生 以 撒 ; 以 撒 生 雅 各 ; 雅 各 生 犹 大 和 他 的 弟 兄 ;Chinese Bible: Union (Simplified)

Croatian

  • Abrahamu se rodi Izak. Izaku se rodi Jakov. Jakovu se rodi Juda i njegova braća.

Czech

  • 1613 Abraham zplodil Izáka. Izák pak zplodil Jákoba. Jákob zplodil Judu a bratří jeho. (Kralicka)

Danish

  • Abraham avlede Isak; og Isak avlede Jakob; og Jakob avlede Juda og hans Brødre;

Dutch

  • Abraham gewon Izak, en Izak gewon Jakob, en Jakob gewon Juda, en zijn broeders; (Staten Vertaling)

Esperanto

  • Al Abraham naskigxis Isaak, kaj al Isaak naskigxis Jakob, kaj al Jakob naskigxis Jehuda kaj liaj fratoj,

Finnish

  • 1776 Abraham siitti Isaakin. Mutta Isaak siitti Jakobin. Jakob siitti Juudan, ja hänen veljensä,
  • 1938 Aabrahamille syntyi Iisak, Iisakille syntyi Jaakob, Jaakobille syntyi Juuda ja tämän veljet

French

  • 1744 Abraham engendra Isaac; et Isaac engendra Jacob; et Jacob engendra Juda, et ses frères; (Martin)
  • 1744 Abraham fut père d'Isaac. Isaac fut père de Jacob. Jacob fut père de Juda et de ses frères. (Ostervald)
  • 1864 (Augustin Crampon)
  • Abraham engendra Isaac; et Isaac engendra Jacob; et Jacob engendra Juda et ses frères; (Darby)
  • 1910 Abraham engendra Isaac; Isaac engendra Jacob; Jacob engendra Juda et ses frères; (Louis Segond)
  • 2006 (King James Française)

German

  • 1545 Abraham zeugete Isaak. Isaak zeugete Jakob. Jakob zeugete Juda und seine Brüder. (Luther)
  • 1871 Abraham zeugte Isaak; Isaak aber zeugte Jakob, Jakob aber zeugte Juda und seine Brüder; (Elberfelder)
  • 1912 Abraham zeugte Isaak. Isaak zeugte Jakob. Jakob zeugte Juda und seine Brüder. (Luther)

Hungarian

  • Ábrahám nemzé Izsákot; Izsák nemzé Jákóbot; Jákób nemzé Júdát és testvéreit;

Indonesian

Italian

  • 1649 Abrahamo generò Isacco; ed Isacco generò Giacobbe; e Giacobbe generò Giuda, ed i suoi fratelli. (Diodati)
  • 1927 Abramo generò Isacco; Isacco generò Giacobbe; Giacobbe generò Giuda e i suoi fratelli; (Riveduta Bible)

Japanese

Kabyle

  • Sidna Ibṛahim yeǧǧa-d Isḥaq, Isḥaq yeǧǧa-d Yeɛqub, Yeɛqub yeǧǧa-d Yahuda d watmaten-is.

Latin

Latvian

  • Ābrahams dzemdināja Īzāku. Un Īzāks dzemdināja Jēkabu. Jēkabs dzemdināja Jūdu un viņa brāļus.

Lithuanian

  • Abraomui gimė Izaokas, Izaokui gimė Jokūbas, Jokūbui gimė Judas ir jo broliai.

Maori

  • Na ko ta Aperahama ko Ihaka; ta Ihaka ko Hakopa; ta Hakopa ko Hura ratou ko ona tuakana, ko ona teina;

Norwegian

  • 1930 Abraham fikk sønnen Isak; Isak fikk sønnen Jakob; Jakob fikk Juda og hans brødre;

Pidgin

Potawatomi

  • 1833 E'pIne'e'm okiwosmukon AysIkIn, ipi AysIk kiwosmukon Ce'kapIn, ipi Ce'kap kiwosmukon CotusIn, ipi niw wikane'iIn; (Potawatomi Matthew and Acts)

Polish

  • Abraham spłodził Izaaka, a Izaak spłodził Jakóba, a Jakób spłodził Judę, i braci jego.(Biblia Gdanska)

Portugese

  • A Abraão nasceu Isaque; a Isaque nasceu Jacó; a Jacó nasceram Judá e seus irmãos;

Romainian

  • 2010 Avraam a născut pe Isaac; Isaac a născut pe Iacov; Iacov a născut pe Iuda şi fraţii lui;

Russian

  • 1876 Авраам родил Исаака; Исаак родил Иакова; Иаков родил Иуду и братьев его; (Russian Synodal Version)
  • Russian Transliteration of the Greek
  • (Church Slavonic)

Shur

  • Apraßma Uchirφ Isak. Tura Isaka Uchirφ Jakup. Jakupa Uchirφsha Jutß ni yachijiai.

Spanish

See Also Bible translations (Spanish)

  • 1569 Abraham engendró a Isaac; e Isaac engendró a Jacob; y Jacob engendró a Judá y a sus hermanos. (Sagradas Escrituras)
  • 1909 Abraham engendró á Isaac: é Isaac engendró á Jacob: y Jacob engendró á Judas y á sus hermanos (Reina-Valera)
  • 1987 Translation from English. Publisher: Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
  • 1994 Nuevo Testamento versión Recobro
  • 1997 (La Biblia de las Américas) (©1997)
  • 1999 Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI)
  • 2009 Santa Biblia: Reina-Valera

Swahili

  • Abrahamu alimzaa Isaka, Isaka alimzaa Yakobo, Yakobo alimzaa Yuda na ndugu zake,

Swedish

  • 1917 Abraham födde Isak, Isak födde Jakob, Jakob födde Judas och hans bröder;

Tagalog

  • 1905 Naging anak ni Abraham si Isaac; at naging anak ni Isaac si Jacob; at naging anak ni Jacob si Juda at ang kaniyang mga kapatid; (Ang Dating Biblia)

Thai

(Thai KJV)

Turkish

Ukrainian

Vietnamese

  • Áp-ra-ham sanh Y-sác; Y-sác sanh Gia-cốp; Gia-cốp sanh Giu-đa và anh em người. 1934

Welsh

Critical Apparatus

Early Church Fathers

Commentaries

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