Minuscule 238

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Minuscule 238 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A145 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it had been assigned to the 11th or 12th century.[1]



The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 581 parchment leaves (size 31 cm by 22 cm), in two volumes (355 + 227) with lacunae.[1] Written in one column per page, 24 lines per page.[1] It contains tables κεφαλαια, Ammonian Sections, Eusebian Canons, lectionary markings, and pictures. The biblical text is surrounded by a commentary (catena), Victor's in Mark.[2] Biblical text written in red, text of commentary in black ink.[3]


The Greek text of the codex Aland did not place in any of his Categories. Wisse did not examine it by using his Profile Method.


The manuscript in 1482 belonged to the monastery Great Lavra at Athos. Formerly the manuscript was held in the monastery Philotheus at Athos peninsula, then in Dionysius monastery. It was brought to Moscow, by the monk Arsenius, on the suggestion of the Patriarch Nikon, in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov (1645-1676).[2] The first part of the manuscript (Matt.-Mark) was collated by C. F. Matthaei. The second part (Luke-John) was sold by Matthaei to the library in Dresden.This part was examined by Tregelles and Gebhart.[3] It was held in Saxon State Library (A 100) until to the World War II. After war it was brought to Moscow.

The Gospel of Matthew and Mark of the manuscript is currently housed at the State Historical Museum (V. 91, S. 47, 355 fol.) at Moscow, the Gospels of Luke and John in the State Archive (F. 1607, No. 3,226 fol.) in Moscow.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 61.
  • 2. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (London 1894), Vol. 1, p. 223.
  • 3. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 170.

Further reading

  • Kurt Treu, Die Griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments in der UdSSR; eine systematische Auswertung des Texthandschriften in Leningrad, Moskau, Kiev, Odessa, Tbilisi und Erevan, T & U 90 (Berlin, 1966), pp. 276-277.
  • H. Gebhart, Untersuchungen zu der Evangelienhandschrift 238, ZNW 7 (1906), 120-122.

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