Minuscule 195

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Minuscule 195 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A131 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 11th century.[1]



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 277 thick parchment leaves (size 27.8 cm by 22 cm).[1] Written in one column per page, biblical text in 25 lines per page, text of commentary in 50 lines per page, in brown ink.[2] It contains prolegomena (the same as in codex 186 niy briefer, attributed to Eusebius), tables of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections, Eusebian Canons, synaxaria, Menologion, and a commentary.[3] The commentary to the Gospel of Mark is of authorship of Victorinus of Pettau.[2]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4]


"The date of the year is lost, but the month (May) and indication (8) remain."[3] It once belonged to the Cistercian convent of St. Salvator de Septimo.[3]

It was examined by Birch, Scholz, and Burgon.

It is currently housed at the Laurentian Library (Plutei. VI. 34), at Florence.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 58.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 165.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (London 1894), Vol. 1, p. 218.
  • 4. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.

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