Minuscule 223

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Minuscule 223
Minuscule 223

Minuscule 223 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α263 (Von Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it had been assigned to the 14th century.[2] Formerly it was labeled by 223a and 277p.[3] Scrivener labeled it by 220a and 264p.[4]



The codex contains the text of the Acts, Pauline, and Catholic epistles on 376 parchment leaves (size 28.2 cm by 21.3 cm), with some lacunae (first leaves in 2 Corinthians with 1:1-3, Ephesians with 1:1-4, and Hebrews with Hebrews 1:1-6).[2] The text is written in one column per page, 22-23 lines per page,[2] on fine vellum with broad margins.[4] Titles in gold, initial letters ornamented, brilliantly illuminated.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

It contains double prolegomena, Journeys and death of Paul, tables of κεφαλαια (to the Acts), lectionary markings at the margin, Synaxarion, Menologion, and subscriptions at the end of books.[3] The illuminations before each book


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[6]


The manuscript was written by Antonius, a monk.[3] According to the colophon the manuscript was written by Antonios of Malaka in 1244. Dating of the manuscript is problematic, possibly colophon was not inserted by original scribe. It was examined by Scrivener and Gregory (1883).[3]

It is currently housed at the University of Michigan Library (Ms. 34), at Ann Arbor, Michigan.[1]

See also

Further reading

  • F. H. A. Scrivener, Adversaria critica sacra (Cambridge, 1893).
  • K. W. Clark, Eight American Praxapostoloi, (Chicago, 1941).

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