Minuscule 470

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Minuscule 470 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 136 (in the Soden numbering), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 11th century.[1] Scrivener labelled it by number 509.[2]

Contents

Description

The codex contains the text of the Gospels on 215 parchment leaves (30.2 x 24.7), with only one lacunae (Matthew 1:1-13). Written in two columns per page, 23-24 lines per page.[3] It contains lists of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections (Mark 234 - 16:9), Eusebian Canons, lectionary markings, and subscriptions.[3][2] It was beautifully written in a clear bold hand. It has breathings and accents, tolerably but not uniformly correct.[4] The manuscript is remarkable free from the errors of itacism, or interchange of vowels (hiatus).[5] The nomina sacra contracted.

The liturgical apparatus has the larger κεφαλαια prefixed to the last three Gospels, capital letters at the commencement of the Church lessons in gold, the Ammonian Sections in the margin in red ink, and references to the Eusebian Canons in blue.[5]

The pericope John 7:53-8:11 was omitted by original scribe, but it was added by a later hand and placed at the end of the Gospel of John.[3]

Text

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

In the whole manuscript very few rare or noticeable readings will be found. According to Scrivener "it approaches as nearly to the received tect as many of a much lower date".[5]

Hermann von Soden included it to the textual group Ak (subgroup of Kx). According to Wisse in Luke 1; 10; 20 it belongs to the same cluster with the codex 490.[7]

History

According to inscription at the end (apparently in the same hand as John 7:53-8:11) proves that it was once at Constantinople:

επακουσον ημων ο θς η ελπις παντων των περατων της γης και των εν θαλασση μακραν και ρυσαι ο θς ημων την πολιν ταυτην και χωραν των χριστιανων απο λιμου λιμου [λοιμου] σισμου καταποντισμου πυρος μαχαιρας επιστιανων αλλοφιλον πολεων δαιμων (?) ημων επακουσον και ελαιησον.[5]

The manuscript was brought from the monastery in the Greek Archipelago to England by Carlyle (1759-1804), professor of Arabic, together with the manuscripts 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 488.[2]

The manuscript was examined and collated by J. Farrer of Carlisle in 1804, Scrivener, and Gregory. Scrivener collated and edited its text in 1852.[3]

It is currently housed at the Lambeth Palace (1175) in London.[1]

See also

References

  • 1. Aland, K.; M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 75. ISBN 3110119862.
  • 2. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 249.
  • 3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 192.
  • 4. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXVI.
  • 5. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXVII.
  • 6. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  • 7. Frederik Wisse, The Profile Method for Classifying and Evaluating manuscript Evidence, Studies & Documents 44 (Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1982), p. 61.

Further reading

  • F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), pp. XXVI-XXVII, 1-178. (as a)

External links

List of New Testament minuscules

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