Papyrus 66

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Papyrus 66
Papyrus 66

Papyrus 66 (also referred to as Image:C3945eee4633c095c5059f9a67aca5f7.png66) is a near complete codex of the Gospel of John, and part of the collection known as the Bodmer Papyri.



The manuscript contains John 1:1-6:11, 6:35b-14:26, 29-30; 15:2-26; 16:2-4, 6-7; 16:10-20:20, 22-23; 20:25-21:9, 12, 17. It is one of the oldest New Testament manuscripts known to exist, with its writing dated to around 200 AD.[]

In common with both the other surviving early papyri of John's Gospel; P45 (apparently), P75, and most New Testament uncials, Papyrus 66 does not include the pericope of the adulteress (John 7:53-8:11)[]; demonstrating the absence of this passage in all the surviving early witnesses of the Gospel of John. The manuscript also contains, consistently, the use of Nomina Sacra.

According to recent studies done by papyrologists Karyn Berner[] and Philip Comfort,[] it is evident that Image:C3945eee4633c095c5059f9a67aca5f7.png66 had the work of three individuals on it: The original, professional scribe, a thoroughgoing corrector and a minor corrector.


Staurogram in the third, sixth, and tenth line
Staurogram in the third, sixth, and tenth line

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. Aland ascribed it as "Free text" and placed it in I Category.[]

A transcription of every single page of Image:C3945eee4633c095c5059f9a67aca5f7.png66 is contained in the book referenced in reference 2, pages 388-468.

In John 13:5 it has unique textual variant ποδονιπτηρα instead of νιπτηρα. In 13:7 it has αρ (error) instead of αρτι.


The manuscript was found in 1952 at Pabau near Dishna (Egypt).

It is currently housed at the Cologny-Geneva, Switzerland: Bibliotheca Bodmerians. The Papyrus contains 39 folios (that's 78 leaves, 156 pages), at a size of 14.2 cm x 16.2 cm for each leaf with roughly 15-25 lines per page.

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