Conjunction

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In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words, phrases or clauses together. This definition may overlap with that of other parts of speech, so what constitutes a "conjunction" should be defined for each language. In general, a conjunction is an invariable grammatical particle, and it may or may not stand between the items it conjoins.

The definition can also be extended to idiomatic phrases that behave as a unit with the same function as a single-word conjunction (as well as, provided that, etc.).

Coordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions, also called coordinators, are conjunctions that join, or coordinate, two or more items (such as words, main clauses, or sentences) of equal syntactic importance. In English, the mnemonic acronym FANBOYS can be used to remember the coordinators for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. These are not the only coordinating conjunctions; various others are used, including "and nor" (British), "but nor" (British), "or nor" (British), "neither" ("They don't gamble; neither do they smoke"), "no more" ("They don't gamble; no more do they smoke"), and "only" ("I would go, only I don't have time"). Types of coordinating conjunctions include cumulative conjunctions, adversative conjunctions, alternative conjunctions, and illative conjunctions. Here are some examples of coordinating conjunctions in English and what they do:

  • For – presents rationale ("They do not gamble or smoke, for they are ascetics.")
  • And – presents non-contrasting item(s) or idea(s) ("They gamble, and they smoke.")
  • Nor – presents a non-contrasting negative idea ("They do not gamble, nor do they smoke.")
  • But – presents a contrast or exception ("They gamble, but they don't smoke.")
  • Or – presents an alternative item or idea ("Every day they gamble, or they smoke.")
  • Yet – presents a contrast or exception ("They gamble, yet they don't smoke.")
  • So – presents a consequence ("He gambled well last night, so he smoked a cigar to celebrate.")


External Link

Wikipedia Article on Conjunction

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