Minuscule 232

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Minuscule 232 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 455 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Dated by a colophon to the year 1302.[1] Scrivener deciphered it as the year 1292.[2]



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 289 parchment leaves (size 22 cm by 17.5 cm).[1] Written in one column per page, 20-22 lines per page.[1] It contains τιτλοι and double Synaxarion.[3] Titloi in the margin of Matthew and Luke. Elegantly written, but scribe used a poor source.[2]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4]


It was described by D. G. Moldenhauer, who collated it about 1783 for Birch.[3] It was also collated by Matthaei.

It is currently housed at the Escurial (Cod. Escurialensis, y. III. 7).[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 61.
  • 2. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 222.
  • 3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 170.
  • 4. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.

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