Minuscule 168

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Minuscule 168 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε31 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 13th century.[1]



The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 217 thick parchment leaves (size 34 cm by 22 cm),[1] with Theophylact's commentary,[2] and some lacunae (Luke 24:13-53; John 1:1-14).[3] Beginning was destroyed by humidity.<ref name = Gregory/>

Written in two columns per page, in 40 lines per page,[1] in brown-black ink.[3]

It contains tables of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections, and the Eusebian Canons. The subscriptions in Mark, ρηματα, and στιχοι were added by a later hand.[3] It has commentary of Theophylact.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a mixture of text-types. Aland did not place it in any Category.[4]


The manuscript was examined by Birch and Scholz (1794-1852).[3]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Barb. gr. 570), at Rome.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 57.
  • 2. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 215.
  • 3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 161.
  • 4. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

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