Minuscule 398

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Minuscule 398 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 398 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 10th century.[1]



The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles on 251 parchment leaves (17.7 cm by 12.2 cm) with lacunae (Acts 3:6-17; 1 Timothy 4:12-2 Timothy 4:3; Heb 7:20-11:10; 11:23-13:25). Written in one column per page, in 22 lines per page.[1][2]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with exception for the Catholic epistles. Aland placed it in Category V (except Catholic epistles).[3] The text of Catholic epistles Aland assigned to the Category III.

Aland gave for it the following textual profile: Acts 751 281/2 42 1s, Cath 621 71/2 162 13s, Paul 1581 481/2 32 0S.[3]

1: agreements with the Byzantine text
1/2: agreements with the Byzantine text where it has the same reading as the original text
2: agreements with the original text
S: independent or distinctive readings ("Sonderlesarten")


The manuscript once belonged to Fraeois Vatablus, friend of Robert Estienne and profesor of Hebrew in Paris. The manuscript probably was used in Editio Regia as ιγ'.[2][4]

It was examined by Scholz who added it to the list of the New Testament manuscripts (as 9a and 11p). Fenton Hort examined Catholic epistles. In 1908 Gregory gave for it number 398.

In the 18th century it was used as an argument against the authenticity of the Comma Johanneum.[5]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Cambridge University Library (Kk. 6.4) in Rome.[1]

See also


Further reading

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