Minuscule 180

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Minuscule 180 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1498, α 300 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. The Gospels Palaeographically it had been assigned to the 12th century, rest of New Testament books are dated by colophon to the 1273.[1] Formerly it was deciphered as 1284 year.[2][3]



The codex contains the entire of the New Testament on 444 elegant parchment leaves (size 18.7 cm by 13.5 cm),[1] with some apocryphal books.[3] Written in one column per page, in 22-26 lines per page,[1] in light-brown or dark-brown ink, capital letters in red.[3] Tables of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections, Eusebian Canons, and lectionary markings. Synaxarion and Menologion were added in the 15th century.[2]

Order of books: Gospels, Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, and Apocalypse. In Apocalypse last verse (22:21) and part of verse 21 is omitted. The Apocalypse is ending on 22:20 on word αμην.[3]

It contains the Eusebian Canons. In the 15th century were added synaxaria and Menologion on paper.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is the Byzantine except Book of Acts. Aland assignet it in Category V except Book of Acts (Category III).[4] In Apocalypse is close to Uncial 046.


The Gospels were written by one Andreas, the rest of the New Testament and some apocryphal books by one John, November 1273.[3]

The manuscript came from Cyper,[3] and together with Codex Borgianus, and Lectionary 37, belonged to the Velitran Museum of "Praesul Steph. Borgia, Collegii Urbani de Propaganda Fide a secretis".[2]

It was examined by Bianchini, Birch, and Scholz.

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Borgiae gr. 18), at Rome.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 57.
  • 2. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (George Bell & Sons: London 1894), vol. 1, p. 216.
  • 3. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 163.
  • 4. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 129.

Further reading

  • Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse 1 (London, 1929), pp. 117-120.

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