Minuscule 471

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Minuscule 471 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 136 (in the Soden numbering), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 12th century.[1] Scrivener labelled it by number 510.[2]

Contents

Description

The codex contains the text of the Gospels on 240 parchment leaves (size ), with only one lacunae (Matthew 1:1-13). Written in one column per page, 23-24 lines per page.[3] It contains Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian tables, lists of κεφαλαια (on paper), κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections (Mark 240 - 16:9), (not Eusebian Canons), lectionary markings, Synaxarion, Menologion, and pictures (of poor quality).[3][4] After the Synaxarion on paper is a curious list of appearances of the Lord to His Apostles from the time of Stephen down to St. Peter's martyrdom.[4]

It does not contain the pericope John 7:53-8:11, though the manuscript sometimes agrees with the common text where comparatively few others do (e.g. Matthew 3:8.27).[5] The folios 1-7 on a paper.[3] It has many corrections made by later hand.[2]

According to Scrivener it is written in a very minute but graceful hand.[6] Directions for the Church lessons are perpetually found in the margin, and occasionally introduced into the text (e.g. John 3:17; 13:17).[5] The accents and breathings are pretty constant, but not very correct; we have in John 1 οπισω vv. 15.27; εστηκεν v. 26. Scrivener observed iota adscriptum only twice (Luke 8:40; John 1:39), iota subscriptum never.[5] It has usual errors of itacism ε for αι, ι or ει for η, υ for οι, ο for ω and vice verca are found in great abundance. The initial letters of the lessons and lesser sections are inserted in red ink (secunda manu) even where they had been previously given in black ink by the scribe who wrote the manuscript.[5]

It has some grammatical or orthographical peculiarities. It reads εισελθατε (Matthew 7:13), προσεπεσαν (Matthew 7:25), ανεπεσαν (Mark 6:40; John 6:10), εμπροσθε (Matthew 10:32), δραγμη (Luke 15:8.9).[4]

Text

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[7] It is a member of the textual family Kx. There are some connections with some important readings from the codices Vaticanus, Ephraemi and the elder uncials described by Wettstein (e.g. Matthew 8:28).[4]

History

According to Scrivener the manuscript was written by careful and competent scribe.[4] The manuscript was once in Constantinople, but brought from the East to England by Carlyle (1759-1804), professor of Arabic, together with the manuscripts 470, 472, 473, 474, 475, 488.[2]

The manuscript was examined by J. Farrer in 1804, Scrivener, and Gregory. Scrivener collated and published its text in 1852.[3]

It is currently housed at the Lambeth Palace (1176) in London.[1]

See also

References

  • 1. Aland, K.; M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 75. ISBN 3110119862.
  • 2. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 249.
  • 3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 192-193.
  • 4. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXIX.
  • 5. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXVIII.
  • 6. F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXVII.
  • 7. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

Further reading

  • F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), pp. XXVII-XXIX. (as b)

External links

List of New Testament minuscules

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