Minuscule 196

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Minuscule 196 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Zε23 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 12th century.[1]



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 369 thick parchment leaves (size 24.6 cm by 18.4 cm).[1] Written in one column per page, 44 lines per page, biblical text in red, commentary's text in black ink.[2]

The text of Matt 15:10-17:22 is written on paper, in 27 lines per page.[2] It contains prolegomena, lists of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, pictures.[3] The biblical text is surrounded by a catena. The biblical text is written in red ink, the catena text in black.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4]


The manuscript once belonged to Lorenzo de Midicis, who presented it in 1473 to the Convent of S. Marco de Florentia des Predigerordens.[2]

It was examined by Bianchini, Birch, Scholz, and Burgon.

It is currently housed at the Laurentian Library (Plutei. VIII. 12), at Florence.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 58.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 165.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 218.
  • 4. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

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