Minuscule 157

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Minuscule 157 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 207 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on vellum. Dated to 1122.[1] Formerly date was wrongly deciphered as 1128? (Gregory, Thompson). It has complex contents and full marginalia.



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 325 parchment leaves (size 18.6 cm by 13.6 cm).[1] Beautifully written in one column per page, in 22 lines per page.[1] It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, prolegomena, Eusebian tables, lists of κεφαλαια, (chapters), τιτλοι, lectionary equipment, subscriptions ornaments and pictures in vermillon and gold.[2] It has the famous Jerusalem Colophon ("copied and corrected from the ancient manuscripts of Jerusalem preserved on the Holy Mountain") at the end of each of the Gospel. It is very beautifully written.[3]


Although the manuscript was made for the Emperor its text is not the standard Byzantine but a mixture of text-types with strong the Alexandrian element. Its readings often agree with Codex Bezae, with some affinities to Diatessaron, and to Marcion's text of Luke.[4] Aland placed it in Category III.

In Matthew 6:13 it has unusual ending of the Lord's Prayer:

ὅτι σοῦ ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία καὶ ἡ δύναμις καὶ ἡ δόξα, τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας. ἀμήν (For thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory, of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit for ever. Amen.)

This ending have only two other manuscripts: 225 and 418.

It does not include Matthew 16:2b-3 and Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).


It was written in 1122 for John Porphyrogenitus (1118-1143). The manuscript belonged to the Ducal Library at Urbino, and was brought to the Rome by Pope Clement VII (1523-1534).[3]

Andrew Birch in 1788 made a facsimile. According to Birch it is the most important manuscript of the New Testament, except Codex Vaticanus. It was examined by Scholz, collated by Hoskier. Scrivener noted that this codex is often in agreement with codices B, D, L, 69, 106, and especially with 1.[3]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Urbinas gr. 2), at Rome.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 56.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, pp. 160-161.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 214.
  • 4. Helmut Koester, Introduction to the New Testament, New York: Walter de Gruyter 1995, p. 31.

Further reading

  • H. C. Hoskier, "Evan. 157", JTS XIV (1913), pp. 78-116, 242-293, 359-384.
  • B. H. Streeter, "Codices 157, 1071 and the Caesarean Text", in Lake F/S (London, 1937), pp. 149-150.
  • [Edward Maunde Thompson, An Introduction to Greek and Latin Paleography (plate 68).

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