Minuscule 669

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Minuscule 669 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1025 (Soden), known as Benton Gospels, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Dated paleographically to the 11th century (or 10th century - Aland).[1]



The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 272 parchment leaves (19.6 cm by 16.6 cm) with two Lacunae (Matthew 1:1-27:58; Luke 1:1-2:16). Written in one column per page, 17 lines per page in minuscule letters. The codex contains κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, pictures, the Ammonian sections, and the Eusebian Canons numbers. Tables of κεφαλαια and Synaxarion were added by a later hand.[3]

Luke 22:43.44 and John 5:3.4 marked by obelus.[2]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[3] It belongs to the textual family Family Kx.[4]


It was written in Constantinople. The manuscript was brought to America in 1844 from Crete, by George Benton. In 1913 it was presented to the General Theological Seminary in New York City. It was examined by J. Rendel Harris. The manuscript was digitalized by CSNTM in 2007.

Currently it is part of Private Collection Ch. C. Ryrie in Dallas.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 87.
  • 2. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 211.
  • 3. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  • 4. F. Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 64.

External links

Further reading

  • J. R. Harris, Sunday School Times (Philadelphia, 4 June 1887), p. 355.
  • C. C. Edmunds, and W. H. P. Hatch, The Gospel Mss. of the General Theological Semianry, HTS 4 (1918), pp. 7, 50-68.
  • K. W. Clark, A Descriptive Catalogue of Greek New Testament Manuscripts in America (Chicago, 1937), pp. 83-85.

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