Minuscule 155

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Minuscule 155 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 403 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 13th century.[1]



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 307 parchment leaves (size 15.3 cm by 11.3 cm).[1] Written in one column per page, in 20 lines per page.[1]

It contains κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections, synaxaria, subscriptions, and στιχοι.[2] Some lessons from Paul prefixed.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category.[4] It belongs to the textual family Kr.[5]


It was given by Andreas Rivetus to Rutgersius (1589-1625), Swedish Embassador to the United Provinces.[3] It belonged to Daniel Heinsius and Nicholas Heinsius.[2] It was cited by Daniel Heinsius, as Codex Rutgersii, in his Exercitationes sacrae in Evangel. (1639)[3] After Nicholas Heinsius it belonged to Queen Christina of Sweden and Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni.[6]

Heinsius, one of its owner, worked on the Textus Receptus of the Greek New Testament for Elzeviers edition (1624, 1633), than influence of the codex 155 on the Textus Receptus is possible. According to Jonge it is possible only in 12 places, but all of this changes can be explained by the influence of the Complutensian Polyglotte.[6]

It was examined by Wettstein, Birch, Scholz, Gregory (1886),[2] Jonge. Wettstein designated it by number 99.[3]

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Reg. gr. 79), at Rome.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 56.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 159.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 214.
  • 4. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.
  • 5. F. Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 92.
  • 6. H. J. de Jonge, "The Manuscriptus Evangeliorum Antiquissimus of Daniel Hensius", NTS 21 (1974-1975), pp. 286-294.

Further reading

  • H. J. de Jonge, "The Manuscriptus Evangeliorum Antiquissimus of Daniel Hensius", NTS 21 (1974-1975), pp. 286-294.

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