Minuscule 218

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Minuscule 218 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 233 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the Old Testament (Septuaginta) and New Testament, on parchment. It is one of few manuscripts which contains complete Greek Bible. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 13th century.[1]



The codex contains the text of the both Testaments, on 623 parchment leaves (size 32 cm by 23 cm), with some lacunae (Rev. 13:5-14:8; 15:7-17:2; 18:10-19:15; 20:7-22:21). Written in two columns per page, 50-52 lines per page. The text of New Testament is on leaves 486-623.[1] The order of books: Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles. The Hebrews is placed between 2 Thessalonians and 1 Timothy.[2] It contains subscriptions, the Euthalian apparatus, the Eusebian Canons absent.[2]


The Greek text of the New Testament of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type (except epistles). Aland placed it in Category III in the Catholic and Pauline epistles and in Category V in rest of New Testament books.[3] It contains many peculiar readings.


The manuscript was brought from Constantinople to Vienna by Busbeck (like codex 123 and 434). It was examined by Treschov, Alter and Birch.[2]

It is currently housed at the Austrian National Library (Theol. Gr. 23), at Vienna.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 168.
  • 3. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 132.

Further reading

  • F. C. Alter, Novum Testamentum ad Codicum Vindobonensem Graece expressum (Vienna, 1786-1787).

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