Minuscule 235

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Minuscule 235 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 456 (Soden), known as Codex Havniensis 2 is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on paper. Dated by a colophon to the year 1314.[1]



The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 280 paper leaves (size 21.8 cm by 15.4 cm).[1] Written in one columns per page, 23 lines per page (size of column 15.2 by 9.5 cm),[1] capital letters in red.[2] It contains tables of κεφαλαια, Ammonian Sections, lectionary markings, and incipits. The words are often ill divided and the stops misplaced.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4]

The text often agrees with Philoxenian Syriac. Hermann von Soden lists it as Is (together with codices 157, 245, 291, 713, 1012).


The manuscript was written by the hand of Philothens, a monk.[2] It was bought at Venice by Friedrich Rostgaard in 1699.[2] It was examined by C. G. Hensler (1784) and Charles Graux (1878).

It is currently housed at the Det Kongelige Bibliotek (GkS 1323, 4) at Copenhagen.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 61.
  • 2. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 170.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), Vol. 1, p. 223.
  • 4. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

Further reading

  • Charles Graux, Notices sommaires des manuscritti grecs de la grande bibliolheque royale de Copenhague, Paris 1879.

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