Minuscule 491

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Minuscule 491 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 152 (in the Soden numbering), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it had been assigned to the 11th century.[1] Scrivener labeled it by number 576.[2]



The codex contains the text of the New Testament except Book of Revelation on 305 parchment leaves (size ) with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-28; Acts 1:1-23; 7:8-39). Written in one column per page, 34 lines per page. It is beautifully written. It contains the Eusebian tables (blank), tables of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, Ammonian Sections (236 - 16:12), (not Eusebian Canons), and subscriptions.[3] It contains also Book of Psalms nad Hymns with lacunae in Ps 1-3.[3] The order of books: Gospels, Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles, Psalms.


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4] According to Scrivener it is similar to 440.[2] It belongs to group 16 with the manuscripts 16, 119, 217, 330, 578, 693, 1528.[5]


The manuscript once belonged to the Bishop Butler's collection (as 492 and 493).[2]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener. It was examined by Scrivener and Bloomfield.[3]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Additional Manuscripts, 11836) in London.[1]

See also


  • 1. Aland, K.; M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 76. ISBN 3110119862.
  • 2. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 257-258.
  • 3. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 195.
  • 4. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  • 5. F. Wisse, The Profile Method for Classifying and Evaluating Manuscripts Evidence (Wm. Eerdmans 1982), p. 107.

Further reading

  • W. J. Elliott, The Relationship between 322 and 323 of the Greek New Testament NTS 14 (1968), pp. 271-281.

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