Minuscule 221

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Minuscule 221 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α69 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 10th century.[1]



The codex contains a complete text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles on 382 parchment leaves (size 18.9 cm by 13.4 cm). Written in one column per page, 18-19 lines per page.[1] It contains prolegomena, lists of κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, pictures, subscriptions, and στιχοι to Paul.[2] It also contains one leaf from Cyril's Homilies, and two other later.[2]

It contains the Comma Johanneum added by a later hand.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  • 2. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 282.
  • 3. Bruce M. Metzger, The Text of the New Testament (Oxford 2005), p. 147.
  • 4. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.

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