Minuscule 181

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Minuscule 181 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 101 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it had been assigned to the 11th century.[1]



The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles and Book of Revelation with only one lacunae (Titus 3:3 - Philemon), on 169 elegant parchment leaves (size 25 cm by 19.1 cm).[1][2] Written in one column per page, in 26-32 lines per page.[1] It contains Prolegomena, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, subscriptions, στιχοι, Menologion, and Euthalian apparatus.[3] Apocalypse was added in the 15th century.[2]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type in Gospels and Epistles.[4] The text of the Apocalypse is a representative of the Byzantine. Aland placed it in Category V. The text of the rest of book Aland placed in Category III.[5]


The manuscript was given by Christina — like codices 154, 155, 156[2] — to Alexander VIII (1689-1691).[3] The text of the manuscript was examined by Bandini, Birch, Scholz, and Burgon.

It is currently housed at the Vatican Library (Reg. gr. 179), at Rome.[1]

See also


  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 57.
  • 2. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 267.
  • 3. ^ a b F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 287.
  • 4. David Alan Black, New Testament Textual Criticism, Baker Books, 2006, p. 65.
  • 5. Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 129, 132. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.

Further reading

  • Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse 1 (London, 1929), pp. 17-24.

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