Minuscule 109

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Minuscule 109 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 431 (Soden), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. Dated by a colophon to the year 1326.[1]

Contents

Description

The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels with a commentary on 225 parchment leaves (19.2 cm by 14.6 cm).[1] Written stichometrically in one column per page, 24-31 lines per page. Initial letters in red,[2] it contains Epistula ad Carpianum, prolegomena, lists of κεφαλαια, Eusebian Tables, synaxaria, Menologion, lectionary markings, Ammonian Sections, τιτλοι, subscriptions, and στιχοι. I has not the Eusebian Canons.[3]

Text of Luke 3:23-38 (Genealogy of Jesus) was rewritten from the two-columns text,[4] and columns were confused, and instead of copying them vertically in proper succession, he copied the genealogy as though the two columns were one, following the lines across both columns. As a result almost everyone is made the son of the wrong father, and God is made the son of Aram, and Phares is a creater of the world.[2] Scribe evidently did not understand text which rewrote.

It does not contain the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).[2]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] It belongs to the textual family Family Kx.[6] It is close to Minuscule 54.[2]

History

It once belonged to Richard Mead, then to Askew. Richard Mead showed it for Wettstein in 1746.[2]

It is housed at the British Library (Additional 5117) at London.[1]

See also

References

  • 1. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 53.
  • 2. C. R. Gregory, "Textkritik des Neuen Testaments", Leipzig 1900, vol. 1, p. 152-153.
  • 3. F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (London 1894), vol. 1, p. 209.
  • 4. Possibly copied manuscript was written in one column, but genealogy in two.
  • 5. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.
  • 6. F. Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing

, 1982, p. 54.

Further reading

External links

List of New Testament minuscules

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