Romans 7:6

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(Textus Receptus, Novum Testamentum, Theodore Beza, 4th folio edition. Geneva. 1598)

(King James Version, Pure Cambridge Edition 1900)

(King James Version 2016 Edition, 2016)

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Commentary

Romans 7:6 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead, wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

This refers to the contextual analogy of the husband having died, and the wife can be married to another. The law died and was put to death by Christ who blotted out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross. Col.2:14. Here the TR of the KJB reads apothanontos masculine singular. The law died. This is the reading of Greens interlinear,the 21st Century KJB, Websters Bible of 1833, the Geneva Bible, the Modern Greek translation, Youngs translation, the Diodati, which preceded the KJB, and the Latin of Calvin. So it is a very ancient reading. The other Greek texts have a different reading. They say we died apothanontes, which is masculine plural. The truth that we died is also taught in other passages, but not in this one. The NKJV joins the NASB and NIV in saying: We have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by...

KJV Today

Beza's textual conjecture: 'that being dead wherein' instead of 'being dead to that wherein"
Some say that the KJV translators followed Beza’s contentious Greek reading of αποθανοντος to make the verse say that the “law,” rather than “us,” died. The English of the KJV, however, is constructed in such a way that allows both interpretations: "we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter." Since there is no subject number agreement in English as there is in the Greek, "that being dead" can modify either "we" or the "law."[1]

Greek

Textus Receptus

Desiderius Erasmus

Colinæus

Stephanus (Robert Estienne)

  • 1546 (Robert Estienne (Stephanus) 1st)
  • 1549 (Robert Estienne (Stephanus) 2nd)
  • 1550 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος (Robert Estienne (Stephanus) 3rd - Editio Regia)
  • 1551 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος (Robert Estienne (Stephanus) 4th)

Theodore Beza

See Also Romans 7:6 Beza 1598 (Beza)

  • 1604 (Beza Octavo 5th)

Elzevir

Scholz

Scrivener

  • 1894 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου, ἀποθανόντος ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα, ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος, καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος.

Other Greek

  • 1857 (Tregelles' Greek New Testament)
  • νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου, ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα, ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος. (Tischendorf 8th Ed.)
  • 1881 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου, ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα, ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος. (Westcott & Hort)
  • 1904 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου, ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα, ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος. (Greek orthodox Church)
  • 1904 νυνὶ δὲ κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου, ἀποθανόντες ἐν ᾧ κατειχόμεθα, ὥστε δουλεύειν ἡμᾶς ἐν καινότητι πνεύματος καὶ οὐ παλαιότητι γράμματος. (Nestle)

Anglo Saxon Translations

  • 1000 (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Manuscript 140, Corpus Christi College by Aelfric)
  • 1200 (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Hatton Manuscript 38, Bodleian Library by unknown author)

English Translations

  • 1395 But now we ben vnboundun fro the lawe of deth, in which we weren holdun, so that we seruen in newnesse of spirit, and not in eldnesse of lettre. (Wyclif's Bible by John Wycliffe)
  • 1534 But now are we delivered fro the lawe and deed fro that whervnto we werein bondage that we shuld serve in a newe conversacion of ye sprete and not in ye olde conversacion of the letter. (Tyndale Bible by William Tyndale)
  • 1535 But now are we lowsed from the lawe, and deed vnto it, that helde vs captyue, so that we shulde serue in a new conuersacion of the sprete, and not in the olde conuersacion of the letter. (Coverdale Bible)
  • 1540 But now are we delyuered from the lawe, and deed vnto it wher vnto we were in bondage, that we shuld serue in a new conuersacyon of the sprete, and not in the olde conuersacyon of the letter. (Great Bible Second Edition - Miles Coverdale)
  • 1549 But nowe are we deliuered from the lawe, & dead from that where vnto we were in bondage, that we should serue in a newe conuersacion of the spirite, and not in the olde conuersacion of the letter. (Matthew's Bible - John Rogers)
  • 1568 But nowe are we delyuered from the lawe, and dead vnto it whervnto we were in bondage, that we shoulde serue in newenesse of spirite, and not in the oldnesse of the letter. (Bishop's Bible First Edition
  • 1587 But now we are deliuered from the Lawe, he being dead in whom we were holden, that we should serue in newnesse of Spirite, and not in the oldnesse of the letter. (Geneva Bible) by William Whittingham
  • 1611 But now wee are deliuered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held, that we should serue in newnesse of spirit, and not in the oldnesse of the letter. (King James Version)
  • 1729 but now we are delivered by the death of the law, which held us in bondage: that we might serve according to the living spirit, and not in the dead letter of the law. (Mace New Testament)
  • 1745 But now we are delivered from the law of death, wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of the Spirit, and not oldness of the letter. (Mr. Whiston's Primitive New Testament)
  • 1769 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (King James Version - Benjamin Blayney)
  • 1770 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead by which we were bound, that we might serve God in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (Worsley Version by John Worsley)
  • 1790 But now we are freed from the law, being dead unto that whereby we were held, so that we serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (Wesley Version by John Wesley)
  • 1795 But now we have been discharged from the law, that being dead by which we were held fast; that we should serve in renovation of spirit, and not in the antiquity of the letter. (A Translation of the New Testament from the Original Greek by Thomas Haweis)
  • 1833 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead by which we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (Webster Version - by Noah Webster)
  • 1835 But now, having died [with Christ], we are released from the law, by which we were held in bondage; so that we may serve [God] in newness of spirit, and not in oldness of the letter. (Living Oracles by Alexander Campbell)
  • 1849 but now we are loosed from the law, and are dead to that which held us, that we might serve henceforth in the newness of the spirit, and not in the oldness of the writing. (Etheridge Translation by John Etheridge)
  • 1851 But now we are absolved from the law, and are dead to that which held us in its grasp: that we might henceforth serve in the newness of the spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (Murdock Translation)
  • 1858 but now we are released from the law by which we were held having died, that we should serve [God] in newness of spirit, not in the old age of a writing. (The New Testament Translated from the Original Greek by Leicester Sawyer)
  • 1865 But now we are delivered from the law, having died to that wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of spirit, and not in oldness of the letter. (The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ 1865 by American Bible Union)
  • 1869 But now we are delivered from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, that we might serve in the new life of the Spirit, and not in the old way of the letter. (Noyes Translation by George Noyes)
  • 1873 But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (King James Version) by Frederick Scrivener)
  • 1885 But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that wherein we were holden; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in oldness of the letter. (Revised Version also called English Revised Version - Charles Ellicott editor)
  • 1890 but now we are clear from the law, having died in that in which we were held, so that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in oldness of letter. (Darby Version 1890 by John Darby)
  • 1901 But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in oldness of the letter. (American Standard Version - Philip Schaff)
  • 1902 But, now, we have received full release from the law, by dying [in that] wherein we used to be held fast, so that we should be doing service––in newness of spirit and not in obsoleteness of letter. (The Emphasised Bible Rotherham Version)
  • 1902 But now we have been made free from the law, being dead in that in which we were held; so that we serve in the newness of the spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (Translation of the New Testament from the Original Greek by William Godbey)
  • 1904 But now we have been fully discharged from the law, having died to that in which we were held; so that we serve in newness of spirit, and not in oldness of the letter. (The New Testament: Revised and Translated by Adolphus Worrell)
  • 1904 But now we are set free from the Law, because we are dead to that which once kept us under restraint; and so we serve under new, spiritual conditions, and not under old, written regulations. (Twentieth Century New Testament by Ernest Malan and Mary Higgs)
  • 1911 (Syrus Scofield)
  • 1912 (Weymouth New Testament)
  • 1918 but now we have been delivered from the law, having died to that in which we were held, so that we serve in newness of spirit and not in oldness of letter. (The New Testament Translated from the Sinaitic Manuscript by Henry Anderson)
  • 1923 (Edgar Goodspeed)

Foreign Language Versions

Arabic

  • واما الآن فقد تحررنا من الناموس اذ مات الذي كنا ممسكين فيه حتى نعبد بجدة الروح لا بعتق الحرف (Arabic Smith & Van Dyke)

Aramaic

  • ܗܫܐ ܕܝܢ ܐܬܒܛܠܢ ܡܢ ܢܡܘܤܐ ܘܡܝܬܢ ܠܗܘ ܕܐܚܝܕ ܗܘܐ ܠܢ ܕܢܫܡܫ ܡܟܝܠ ܒܚܕܬܘܬܐ ܕܪܘܚܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܥܬܝܩܘܬ ܟܬܒܐ (Aramaic Peshitta)

Basque

  • Baina orain Leguetic libre gara, hari hil içanic ceinetan hatzamanac baiquineunden: spirituzco berritassunetan cerbitza deçagunçát, eta ez letrazco çahartassunetan.

Bulgarian

  • 1940 но сега, като умряхме към това, което ни държеше, освободихме се от закона; тъй щото ние служим по нов дух, а не по старата буква. (Bulgarian Bible)

Chinese

  • 1 但 我 们 既 然 在 捆 我 们 的 律 法 上 死 了 , 现 今 就 脱 离 了 律 法 , 叫 我 们 服 事 主 , 要 按 着 心 灵 ( 心 灵 : 或 作 圣 灵 ) 的 新 样 , 不 按 着 仪 文 的 旧 样 。 (Chinese Union Version (Simplified))
  • 1 但 我 們 既 然 在 捆 我 們 的 律 法 上 死 了 , 現 今 就 脫 離 了 律 法 , 叫 我 們 服 事 主 , 要 按 著 心 靈 ( 心 靈 : 或 作 聖 靈 ) 的 新 樣 , 不 按 著 儀 文 的 舊 樣 。 (Chinese Union Version (Traditional))

French

  • mais maintenant nous avons été déliés de la loi, étant morts dans ce en quoi nous étions tenus, en sorte que nous servions en nouveauté d'esprit, et non pas en vieillesse de lettre. (French Darby)
  • 1744 Mais maintenant nous sommes délivrés de la Loi, [la Loi] par laquelle nous étions retenus étant morte; afin que nous servions [Dieu] en nouveauté d'esprit, et non point en vieillesse de Lettre. (Martin 1744)
  • 1744 Mais maintenant que nous sommes délivrés de la loi, étant morts à celle sous laquelle nous étions retenus, nous servons Dieu dans un esprit nouveau, et non selon la lettre, qui a vieilli. (Ostervald 1744)

German

  • 1545 Nun aber sind wir vom Gesetz los und ihm abgestorben, das uns gefangenhielt, also daß wir dienen sollen im neuen Wesen des Geistes und nicht im alten Wesen des Buchstabens. (Luther 1545)
  • 1871 Jetzt aber sind wir von dem Gesetz losgemacht, da wir dem gestorben sind, in welchem wir festgehalten wurden, so daß wir dienen in dem Neuen des Geistes und nicht in dem Alten (Eig. in Neuheit… in Altheit) des Buchstabens. (Elberfelder 1871)
  • 1912 Nun aber sind wir vom Gesetz los und ihm abgestorben, das uns gefangenhielt, also daß wir dienen sollen im neuen Wesen des Geistes und nicht im alten Wesen des Buchstabens. (Luther 1912)

Italian

  • 1649 Ma ora siamo sciolti della legge, essendo morti a quello, nel quale eravam ritenuti; talchè serviamo in novità di spirito, e non in vecchiezza di lettera.(Giovanni Diodati Bible 1649)
  • 1927 ma ora siamo stati sciolti dai legami della legge, essendo morti a quella che ci teneva soggetti, talché serviamo in novità di spirito, e non in vecchiezza di lettera. (Riveduta Bible 1927)

Japanese

Latin

  • nunc autem soluti sumus a lege morientes in quo detinebamur ita ut serviamus in novitate spiritus et non in vetustate litterae Latin Vulgate
  • 1527 (Erasmus 1527)
  • 1527 (Erasmus Vulgate 1527)

Pidgin

  • 1996 (Pidgin King Jems)

Romainian

  • 2010 Dar acum, am fost izbăviţi de Lege, şi sîntem morţi faţă de Legea aceasta, care ne ţinea robi, pentruca să slujim lui Dumnezeu într'un duh nou, iar nu după vechea slovă. (Biblia Traducerea Fidela în limba româna)

Russian

  • 1876 но ныне, умерши для закона, которым были связаны, мы освободились от него, чтобы нам служить Богув обновлении духа, а не по ветхой букве. Russian Synodal Version

Phonetically:

Spanish

  • Mas ahora estamos libres de la ley, habiendo muerto á aquella en la cual estábamos detenidos, para que sirvamos en novedad de espíritu, y no en vejez de letra. (RVG Spanish)

Swedish

  • 1917 Men nu äro vi lösta från lagen, i det att vi hava dött från det varunder vi förr höllos fångna; och så tjäna vi nu i Andens nya väsende, och icke i bokstavens gamla väsende. (Swedish - Svenska 1917)

Tagalog

  • 1905 Datapuwa't ngayon tayo'y nangaligtas sa kautusan, yamang tayo'y nangamatay doon sa nakatatali sa atin; ano pa't nagsisipaglingkod na tayo sa panibagong espiritu, at hindi sa karatihan ng sulat. (Ang Dating Biblia 1905)

Tok Pisin

  • 1996 (Tok Pisin King Jems)

Vietnamese

  • 1934 Nhưng bây giờ chúng ta đã chết về luật pháp, là điều bắt buộc mình, thì được buông tha khỏi luật pháp đặng hầu việc Ðức Chúa Trời theo cách mới của Thánh Linh, chớ không theo cách cũ của văn tự. (VIET)

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