1 John 2:23

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1 John 2

(Textus Receptus, Novum Testamentum, Theodore Beza, 4th folio edition. Geneva. 1598)

(King James Version, Pure Cambridge Edition 1900)

(King James Version 2016 Edition, 2016)

Contents

Commentary

The words "he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also" 1 John 2:23 were italicised because the King James translators initially did not find them in the majority of Greek manuscripts and in earlier editions of the Textus Receptus but rather strongly in the Latin. The reading is in the 1598 of Beza whose parallel Latin version contains the reading without italics. The common faith however restrained them from omitting those words since they were found in the Great Bible and the Bishops' Bible. Later research produced evidence that they should be part of inspired Scripture because of the testimony of a good number of Greek manuscripts including a and B. The italics should have been removed in the reprints of the KJV but unfortunately escaped the attention of the printers.

KJV Today

We now depart from the immediate context of the Comma and turn to 1 John 2:23b, as it proves two things. First, it proves that a Trinitarian clause could be expunged from 1 John in the majority of manuscripts. Second, it proves that the Vulgate can sometimes preserve authentic readings more accurately than can the majority of Greek manuscripts. 1 John 2:23 in the King James Bible says:

"Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: [but] he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also."
"πας ο αρνουμενος τον υιον ουδε τον πατερα εχει ο ομολογων τον υιον και τον πατερα εχει" (Textus Receptus, Beza 1598)

The second clause of this Trinitarian verse is supported by the Vulgate, Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Alexandrinus, Ephraemi, Porphyrianus and about 70 other Greek manuscripts (Novum Testamentum Graecum: Editio Critica Maior: IV Catholic Letters, Text, 2nd Ed. (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2013), p. 292). Most modern translations (e.g. NIV, ESV, NASB) follow this reading.

But with there being about 517 extant Greek manuscripts of 1 John and with just over 70 manuscripts having 1 John 2:23b, the clause is a minority reading. Accordingly, the Byzantine Majority Text does not include the clause. The Majority Text says:

"Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father."
"πας ο αρνουμενος τον υιον ουδε τον πατερα εχει" (Byzantine Majority Text)

The Geneva Bible in 1557 followed the majority of manuscripts here and left out the latter clause. If a Trinitarian clause in 1 John 2:23 could be lost in the majority of Greek manuscripts, and the Vulgate can be more reliable here, it is not much of a stretch to believe that the Johannine Comma was also lost in the majority of Greek manuscripts, and preserved by the Vulgate (as will be discussed below, the Vulgate preserves the Comma). The only difference between 1 John 2:23b and the Comma could be that the Comma was deleted earlier than 1 John 2:23b.[1]

Greek

Textus Receptus

1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1565 Greek New Testament of Beza
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1565 Greek New Testament of Beza
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1598 Greek New Testament of Beza
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1598 Greek New Testament of Beza
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla
1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla
A footnote at 1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla
A footnote at 1 John 2:23 in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla


Other Greek

  • πᾶς ὁ ἀρνέομαι ὁ υἱός οὐδέ ὁ πατήρ ἔχω ὁ ὁμολογέω ὁ υἱός καί ὁ πατήρ ἔχω (Tischendorf 8th Ed)
  • 1881 πᾶς ὁ ἀρνούμενος τὸν υἱὸν οὐδὲ τὸν πατέρα ἔχει, ὁ ὁμολογῶν τὸν υἱὸν καὶ τὸν πατέρα ἔχει. (Westcott ands Hort)
  • πᾶς ὁ ἀρνούμενος τὸν υἱὸν οὐδὲ τὸν πατέρα ἔχει. (Greek Orthodox)

English Translations

1 John 2:23 in the 1611 King James Version
1 John 2:23 in the 1611 King James Version
Whosoeuer denyeth the Sonne / the same hath not the Father. 1 John 2:23 in the 1526 Tyndale Bible
Whosoeuer denyeth the Sonne / the same hath not the Father. 1 John 2:23 in the 1526 Tyndale Bible
Whosoeuer denyeth the Sonne / the same hath not the Father. 1 John 2:23 in the 1526 Coverdale Bible
Whosoeuer denyeth the Sonne / the same hath not the Father. 1 John 2:23 in the 1526 Coverdale Bible
  • 1568 Whosoeuer denyeth the sonne, the same hath not the father [But he that knowledgeth the sonne, hath the father also.] (Bishop's Bible First Edition)
  • 1611 Whosoeuer denieth the Sonne, the same hath not the Father: but he that acknowledgeth the Sonne, hath the Father also. (King James Version)
  • 1745 Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father; He that acknowledged the Son, hath the Father also. (Mr. Whiston's Primitive New Testament)
  • 1770 for whosoever denieth the Son, hath not the Father: but he that confesseth the Son acknowledgeth the Father also. (Worsley Version by John Worsley)
  • 1790 Therefore let that abide in you which ye heard from the beginning: if that which ye heard from the beginning abide in you, ye also shall abide in the Son, and in the Father. (Wesley Version by John Wesley)
  • 1795 Every one that denieth the Son, neither doth he hold the Father; but he that acknowledgeth the Son, holdeth the Father also. (A Translation of the New Testament from the Original Greek by Thomas Haweis)
  • 1833 Whoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: but he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also. (Webster Version - by Noah Webster)
  • 1835 Whoever denies the Son, does not acknowledge the Father. (Living Oracles by Alexander Campbell)
  • 1851 And he that denieth the Son, also believeth not the Father. He that confesseth the Son, confesseth also the Father. (Murdock Translation)
  • 1858 No one that denies the Son has the Father; he that confesses the Son has the Father also. (The New Testament Translated from the Original Greek by Leicester Sawyer)
  • 1865 Every one that denies the Son, the same has not the Father; he that acknowledges the Son has also the Father. (The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ 1865 by American Bible Union)
  • 1869 Whoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father; he that acknowledgeth the Son hath also the Father. (Noyes Translation by George Noyes)
  • 1890 Whoever denies the Son has not the Father either; he who confesses the Son has the Father also. (Darby Version 1890 by John Darby)
  • 1902 Whosoever denieth the Son, neither hath he, the Father: He that confesseth the Son, hath, the Father also. (The Emphasised Bible Rotherham Version)
  • 1902 No one denying the Son has the Father: the one confessing the Son has also the Father. (Translation of the New Testament from the Original Greek by William Godbey)
  • 1904 Every one who denies the Son has not the Father either; he who confesses the Son has the Father also. (The New Testament: Revised and Translated by Adolphus Worrell)
  • 1904 No one who rejects the Son has found the Father; he who acknowledges the Son has found the Father also. (Twentieth Century New Testament by Ernest Malan and Mary Higgs)
  • 1912 No one who disowns the Son has the Father. He who acknowledges the Son has also the Father. (Weymouth New Testament)
  • 1923 No one who disowns the Son can have the Father. Whoever acknowledges the Son has the Father too. (The New Testament: An American Translation)

Foreign Language Versions

Albabian

  • Dhe ky është premtimi që ai na bëri: jeta e përjetshme.

Armenian

  • Ո՛վ որ կ՚ուրանայ Որդին, անիկա Հա՛յրն ալ չունի. (բայց ա՛ն որ կը դաւանի Որդին, անիկա Հա՛յրն ալ ունի:)

Arabic

  • كل من ينكر الابن ليس له الآب ايضا ومن يعترف بالابن فله الآب ايضا (Smith & Van Dyke)

Bulgarian

  • Никой, който се отрича от Сина, няма нито Отца; а който изповядва Сина, има и Отца.

Czech

  • 1613 Bible of Kralice Kralicka

Chinese

  • 凡 不 认 子 的 , 就 没 有 父 ; 认 子 的 , 连 父 也 有 了 。 Chinese Bible: Union (Simplified)

Croatian

  • tko niječe Oca i Sina. Svaki koji niječe Sina, nema ni Oca, a tko priznaje Sina, ima i Oca.

Danish

  • Hver den, som fornægter Sønnen, har ej heller Faderen; den, som bekender Sønnen, har også Faderen.

Dutch

  • 1619 Een iegelijk, die den Zoon loochent, heeft ook den Vader niet.

French

  • 1744 Quiconque nie le Fils, n'a point non plus le Père; quiconque confesse le Fils, a aussi le Père. (Martin)
  • 1744 Quiconque nie le Fils, n'a pas non plus le Père; celui qui confesse le Fils, a aussi le Père. (Ostervald)
  • 1864 (Augustin Crampon)
  • Quiconque nie le Fils n'a pas non plus le Père; celui qui confesse le Fils a aussi le Père. (Darby)
  • 1910 Quiconque nie le Fils n'a pas non plus le Père; quiconque confesse le Fils a aussi le Père. (Louis

Segond)

German

  • 1545 Wer den Sohn leugnet, der hat auch den Vater nicht. (Luther)
  • 1871 Jeder, der den Sohn leugnet, hat auch den Vater nicht; wer den Sohn bekennt, hat auch den Vater. (Elberfelder)
  • 1912 Wer den Sohn leugnet, der hat auch den Vater nicht; wer den Sohn bekennt, der hat auch den Vater. (Luther)

Italian

  • 1649 Chiunque nega il Figliuolo, nè anche ha il Padre; chi confessa il Figliuolo, ha ancora il Padre. (Diodati)
  • 1927 Chiunque nega il Figliuolo, non ha neppure il Padre; chi confessa il Figliuolo ha anche il Padre. (Riveduta Bible)

Latin

  • omnis qui negat Filium nec Patrem habet qui confitetur Filium et Patrem habet (Biblia Sacra Vulgata)

Russian

  • 1876 Всякий, отвергающий Сына, не имеет и Отца; а исповедующий Сына имеет и Отца. (Russian Synodal Version)
  • Russian Transliteration of the Greek
  • (Church Slavonic)
  • 1917 Всякий, отвергающий Сына, не имеет и Отца; а исповедующий Сына имеет и Отца. Russian Synodal Version (Orthodox Synodal Edition)

Spanish

See Also Bible translations (Spanish)

  • 1569 Cualquiera que niega al Hijo, este tal tampoco tiene al Padre. Cualquiera que confiese al Hijo, tiene también al Padre. (Reina-Valera)
  • 1909 Cualquiera que niega al Hijo, este tal tampoco tiene al Padre. Cualquiera que confiese al Hijo tiene también al Padre. (Reina Valera) Biblia Reina-Valera, Revisión 1909
  • 1987 Translation from English. Publisher: Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
  • 1994 Nuevo Testamento versión Recobro
  • 1997 Todo aquel que niega al Hijo tampoco tiene al Padre; el que confiesa al Hijo tiene también al Padre. (La Biblia de las Américas) (©1997)
  • 1999 Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI)
  • 2009 Santa Biblia: Reina-Valera

Swahili

  • Maana yeyote anayemkana Mwana, anamkana pia Baba; na yeyote anayemkubali Mwana, anampata Baba pia.

Swedish

  • 1917 Var och en som förnekar Sonen, han har icke heller Fadern; den som bekänner Sonen, han har ock Fadern.

Turkish

  • Oğulu yadsıyanda Baba da yoktur; Oğulu açıkça kabul edende Baba da vardır.

Thai

(Thai KJV)

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