List of New Testament Church Fathers

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The following list of New Testament Church Fathers provides an overview of an important part of the secondary source evidence for the text of the New Testament (NT). The NT was quoted by early Christian authors, like Ignatius of Antioch, called the Church Fathers, and also in anonymous works like the Didache. Some anonymous works have traditionally been misattributed to better-known authors, and are now known by the name of that author, but with the prefix pseudo (meaning "false" in Greek), for example Pseudo-Dionysius. The other most substantial component of secondary sources for the text of the NT is its early translations into other languages, like Latin. Translations of the NT are known as versions.

Contents

History

Johann Jakob Griesbach stressed the importance of patristic data for New Testament criticism and laid the foundation for their usage.[1]

  • Patristic quotations should be cited individually.
  • Patristic writings should be read in their entirety, using good editions.
  • Quotations should be derived only from genuine works.
  • Quotations should be included only from authentic Greek works.
  • Quotations should be distinguished from allusions.
  • Everything should be included as recited biblical text.
  • Alterations to the biblical text should be noted.
  • Differences between Patristic various quotations should be observed.
  • All additions, omissions or alterations must be noted.

Gordon Fee suggests that the presentation of a Patristic quotation must be complete, including all known citations and adaptations, but not all allusions.[2]

Fathers

  • Criterion for inclusion: quoted or alluded to text of NT in writing, in copies of own work, or cited so by others.[3]
  • Name: historically most common form in English.
  • Location: anglicised name of the city with which they are associated, sometimes a monastery, other times a province if location is imprecise. Name at time of writing, hence Byzantium and Constantinople, but never Istanbul. Some Fathers moved around, noted as: itinerant (Latin) or peripatetic (Greek).
  • Date of Death (DOD): standard point of reference, differing levels of precision, different scholastic opinions. Where a Father is only known to within a century, the midpoint is given first, to allow sorting on the column, the century follows in roman numerals within parentheses.
  • Language: Greek, Latin or Syriac. Typically Western Europe, Italy and North Africa were home to Latin Fathers; Greece, Asia Minor, Palestine and Egypt were home to Greek Fathers. Some Fathers worked with both Greek and Latin.


Church Fathers who quoted the New Testament
NameLocationDODLanguage
AcaciusCaesarea366Greek
AdamantiusAlexandria300Greek
AfricanusJerusalem240Greek
AlexanderAlexandria328Greek
AmbroseMilan397Latin
AmmoniusAlexandria250 (III)Greek
AmmoniusAlexandria450 (V)Greek
AmphilochiusIconium394Greek
AnastasiusSinai750 (VIII?)Greek
AnastasiusAntioch700Greek
AndrewCaesarea614Greek
AndrewCrete740Greek
AnsbertRouen750 (VIII)Latin
AnthonyPadua1231Latin
AntiochusMar Saba614Greek
AphraatesAssyria367Syriac
ApollinarisLaodicea380Greek
ApringiusBeja551Latin
ArethasCaesarea914Greek
AristidesAthens150 (II)Greek
AriusAlexandria336Greek
ArnobiusGaul460Latin
AthanasiusAlexandria373Greek
AthenagorasAthens150 (II)Greek
AugustineHippo430Latin
BasilCaesarea379Greek
BeatusLiébana786Latin
BedeNorthumbria735Latin
CaelestinusRome350 (IV)Latin
CaesariusArles542Latin
CaesariusNazianzus369Greek
CarpocratesAlexandria150 (II)Greek
CassianItinerant435Latin
CassiodorusScylletium580Latin
ChromatiusAquileia407Latin
ClaudiusTurin850 (IX)Latin
ClementAlexandria215Greek
CyprianCarthage258Latin
CyrilAlexandria444Greek
CyrilJerusalem386Greek
DiadochusPhotiki468Greek
DidymusAlexandria398Greek
DionysiusAlexandria265Greek
EphraemSyria373Syriac
EpiphaniusSalamis403Greek
EugippusNaples533Latin
EulogiusAlexandria607Greek
EusebiusCaesarea339Greek
EustathiusAntioch337Greek
EuthaliusAlexandria450 (V)Greek
FaustusRiez490Latin
FaustusMilevum400 (IV-V)Latin
FulgentiusRuspe533Latin
GaudentiusBrescia406Latin
GelasiusCyzicus475Greek
GennadiusMassilia505Latin
GennadiusConstantinople471Greek
GildasRhuys570Latin
GregoryElvira392Latin
GregoryNazianzus390Greek
GregoryNyssa394Greek
GregoryNeocaesarea270Greek
HilaryPictavium367Latin
HippolytusRome235Latin
IgnatiusAntioch110Greek
IrenaeusLugdunum202Latin
IsidorePelusium435Greek
JacobNisibis338Syriac
JeromeStridonium420Latin
JohnDamascus749Greek
JulianEclanum454Latin
Julius IRome352Latin
JustinFlavia Neapolis165Greek
JuvencusHispania330Latin
LeoTuscany461Latin
LeontiusByzantium550 (VI)Greek
LuciferCagliari370Latin
Macarius MagnesMagnesia400Greek
Marius MercatorItinerant450 (V)Latin
MaternusCologne348Latin
NestoriusConstantinople451Greek
NonnusPanopolis431Greek
NovatianRome250 (III)Latin
OecumeniusTrika550 (VI)Greek
OptatusMilevum385Latin
OrigenAlexandria254Greek
OrosiusGallaecia418Latin
OrsisiusTabenna380Greek
PacianBarcelona392Latin
PaulinusNola431Latin
PelagiusItinerant412Latin
PalladiusLeinster431Latin
PamphilusCaesarea310Greek
PapiasHierapolis150 (II)Greek
PhotiusConstantinople895Greek
PieriusAlexandria309Greek
PolycarpSmyrna156Greek
PorphyryGaza250 (III)Greek
PossidiusCalama450 (V)Latin
PrimasiusHadrumetum552Latin
PriscillianÁvila385Latin
ProclusConstantinople446Greek
ProcopiusGaza538Greek
PtolemyAlexandria150 (II)Greek
RufinusAquileia410Latin
RupertLiège1135Latin
SalvianGaul480Latin
SeduliusHibernia850 (IX)Latin
SerapionThmuis362Greek
SeverianJableh408Greek
SeverusAntioch538Greek
SocratesConstantinople439Greek
SozomenConstantinople450Greek
SulpiciusGaul420Latin
SynesiusCyrene414Greek
TatianAntioch150 (II)Greek
TertullianCarthage220Latin
TheodoreMopsuestia428Greek
TheodoreHeraclea358Greek
TheodoreConstantinople826Greek
TheodoretAntioch466Greek
TheodotusByzantium150 (II)Greek
TheodotusAncyra445Greek
TheophilusAntioch180Greek
TheophylactMoesia1077Latin
TheotecnusCaesarea250 (III)Greek
TitusBostra378Greek
TyconiusAfrica380Latin
ValentiniansItaly150 (II)Latin
ValentinusAlexandria160Greek
ValerianCimiez460Latin
VictorAntioch450 (V)Greek
VictorTunis566Latin
Victor-VitaAfrica489Latin
VictorinusPettau304Latin
VictorinusRome362Latin
VigiliusAfrica/Thrace484Latin
ZenoVerona372Latin

Misattributed writings

Misattributed writings quoting the New Testament
NameLocationDODLanguage
Pseudo-AmbroseMilan?VILatin
Pseudo-AthanasiusAlexandria?VIGreek
Pseudo-AugustineCarthage??Latin
Pseudo-ChrysostomConstantinople?VIGreek
Pseudo-ClementAlexandria?IVGreek
Pseudo-CyprianCarthage??Latin
Pseudo-DionysiusAthens?VGreek
Pseudo-HippolytusAntioch??Greek
Pseudo-IgnatiusAntioch?VGreek
Pseudo-JeromeRome?VLatin
Pseudo-JustinIV/VGreek
Pseudo-OecumeniusArchaea?XGreek
Pseudo-TheodulusVI/VII?
Pseudo-Titus?
Pseudo-VigiliusR?Latin

Anonymous works

Early anonymous works quoting the NT
TitleDateLanguage
Acts of PilateIVGreek
Acts of ThomasIIISyriac
AmbrosiasterIVLatin
Apostolic CanonsIVGreek
Apostolic Constitutions380Greek
De Promissionibus453Latin
DiatessaronIISyriac
DidacheIIGreek
DidascaliaIIIGreek
Doctrine of Addai400Syriac
Eusebian CanonsIVGreek
Gospel of the EbionitesIIGreek
Gospel of the NazarenesIIAramaic
Paschal Chronicle630Greek
P. Oxy. 405IIILatin
Liber Graduum320Syriac
RebaptismateIII?Latin
Varimadum380Latin

See also

Notes and references

  • 1. J.J. Griesbach, Curae in historiam textus Graeci epistolarum Paulinarum, Fickelscherr, Jena 1777, pp. 25-28.
  • 2. Gordon D. Fee, Text of John in Origen and Cyril of Alexandria: A Contribution to Methodology in the Recovery and Analysis of Patristic Citations, Bib 52 (1971), 362.
  • 3. Currently sourced on UBS4.

Bibliography

Further reading

  • Black M., Aland K., Die alten Übersetzungen des Neuen Testaments, die Kirchenväterzitate und Lektionare: der gegenwärtige Stand ihrer Erforschung und ihre Bedeutung für die griechische Textgeschichte, Wissenschaftliche Beirat des Instituts für neutestamentliche Textforschung, Berlin 1972.
  • Norman Geisler, William Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible, Chicago: Moody Press, 1969.
  • Osburn C.D., Methodology in identifying patristic citations in NT Textual Criticism, Novum Testamentum XLVII, 4, pp. 313–343.
  • Gordon D. Fee, The Use of the Greek Fathers for New Testament Textual Criticism, in. The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research, ed. Bart D. Ehrman and Michael W. Holmes, pp. 191–207.

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