List of Church Fathers

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The following is a list of Christian Church Fathers. Catholics generally regard the Patristic period to have closed with the death of John of Damascus, a Doctor of the Church, in 749. However, Eastern Orthodox Christians believe that the Patristic period is ongoing. Therefore, the list is split into two tables. While these people are called "Church fathers" this is more accurately defined as "Church writers". Many are fathers of Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, and Reformed teachings, but a true believer will trace their beliefs back to Scripture, and only the writings of the New Testament should be considered authoritative; although some men have agreed in part with scripture.

Contents

Until John of Damascus


Church Father Date of death Notes
Adrian the monk of Antioch wrote a manual on the Antiochene method of Scriptural exegesis
Alexander of Alexandria326 
Alexander of Lycopolis4th century 
Ambrose of Milan397one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church; strongly opposed Arianism
Amphilochius of Iconiumbefore 403 
Ananias of Shirak7th centurywrote a work on Christmas and one on Easter
Anastasius Sinaita7th century 
Andrew of Caesarea6th centurycommented on the Apocalypse
Andrew of Crete8th centuryauthor of the 250-strophe Great Canon
Anthony the Great356 
Aphraates367Mesopotamian bishop who authored 23 homilies
Apollinaris of Laodicea  
Apollonius of Ephesus210 
Archelaus  wrote against Manichaeism
Aristides the Athenian134 
Aristo of Pella2nd century 
Arnobius330author of Against the Heathen
Arsenius the Great445 
Aspringius of Beja commented on the Apocalypse
Asterius of Amasea405wrote sermons on morality including topics like divorce and covetousness, and the parables of Jesus Christ
Athanasius373one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church
Athenagoras of Athens190wrote in defense of the resurrection of the dead<ref name="AI" />
Atticus420s 
Augustine of Hippo430one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church (Doctor Gratiae)
Aurelius Prudentiusearly 5th centurycommented on the Psalms
Ausonius395 
Avitus of Vienne523author of the five-book poem De spiritualis historiae gestis; converted King Sigismund; combated Arianism
Barnabas61 
Basil the Great of Caesarea379one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs; father of monachism
Bede735Doctor of the Church and author of Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Benedict of Nursia547best known for the Rule of St Benedict
Boethius520sauthor of Consolation of Philosophy
Braulio of Saragossa651commented on the Psalms
Caesarius of Arles542commented on the Apocalypse
Caius3rd century 
Cassiodorus585 
Chromatius407wrote sermons on the Gospel of Matthew
Clement of Alexandria210s 
Pope Clement I101 
Coelius Sedulius5th century 
Columba of Iona597 
Commodianus3rd century 
Cyprian of Carthage258 
Cyril of Alexandria444Doctor of the Church (Doctor Incarnationis) combated the Nestorian heresy
Cyril of Jerusalem386Doctor of the Church who wrote thorough instructions to catechumens and baptized Christians
Pope Damasus I384 
Didymus the Blind398teacher of Jerome and Rufinus; follower of Origen; opponent of Arianism and the Macedonian heresy; works condemned at the Fifth Ecumenical Council and the Sixth Ecumenical Council
Diodore of Tarsus390 
Dionysius of Corinth2nd century 
Pope Dionysius of Rome268combated Sabellianism
Dionysius the Areopagite  
Pope Dionysius the Great of Alexandria265 
Ephrem the Syrian373Doctor of the Church
Epiphanius of Salamis403friend of Jerome who strongly opposed Origenism and wrote a history of heresies
Eucherius of Lyon449 
Eugippius6th century 
Eusebius of Caesarea339 
Eusebius of Emesa360commented on Genesis
Eusebius of Vercelli371 
Firmilian<ref name="OCE" />269 
Fulgentius of Ruspe6th century 
Gaius Marius Victorinus4th centurycombated Arianism
Gennadius of Massilia496 
Pope Gregory I the Great604one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church and author of Dialogues
Gregory of Nazianzus389one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church; one of three Orthodox saints honored with the title "The Theologian;" one of the Three Holy Hierarchs
Gregory of Nyssa394 
Gregory of Tours594 
Gregory Thaumaturgus270 
Hegesippus of Palestine180a Jewish convert who combated Gnosticism and Marcionism
Hermias3rd century 
Hesychius of Jerusalem5th century 
Hilary of Poitiers367Doctor of the Church
Hippolytus of Rome235 
Ignatius of Antioch107 
Irenaeusend of 2nd or beginning of 3rd century 
Isaac of Nineveh700ascetic author of many spiritual homilies who commented on the Psalms and contributed significantly to Syrian piety; was not Christologically Nestorian
Isho’dad of Mery commented on the Book of Job
Isidore of Pelusium449author of 2000 letters dealing primarily with allegorical exegesis
Isidore of Seville636Doctor of the Church
Jacob of Serugh521a.k.a. Mar Jacob
Jerome420one of the Four Great Doctors of the Western Church
John Cassian435 
John Chrysostom407one of the Four Great Doctors of the Eastern Church and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs
John Climacus606 
John of Damascus749Doctor of the Church and author of An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith and ascetic and exegetical writings and hymns; Peter Lombard based his Four Books of Sentences on the works of John of Damascus and Thomas Aquinas based his Summa Theologica on Peter Lombard’s Sentences
Julianus Pomerius author of De Vita Contemplativa concerning Christian sanctity
Julius Firmicus Maternus4th century 
Justin Martyr165 
Juvencus4th century 
Lactantius320 
Pope Leo I the Great461Doctor of the Church
Leontius of Byzantium543 
Lucian of Antioch312 
Lucifer370combated Arianism and defended Athanasius at the Council of Milan in 354
Macarius of Alexandria395 
Macarius of Egypt391 
Malchion played key role in the deposition of Paul of Samosata
Marcus Minucius Felix author of Octavianus
Marius Mercator451made a compilation on Nestorianism and another on Pelagianism
Martin of Bruga4th centurycommented on the Psalms
Martin of Tours397 
Mathetes  author of an Epistle to Diognetus
Maximus of Turin465 
Maximus the Confessor662 
Meletius of Antioch381 
Melito of Sardis180author of an important sermon called On Pascha about the Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Methodius of Olympus311combated Origenism
Moses of Chorene490author of A History of Armenia
Nectarius of Constantinople398 
Nicetas of Remesiana the patron saint of Romania commented on the Psalms
Nilus of Sinai430 
Nonnus5th century 
Novatian258commented on the Psalms
Oecumenius6th century author of the first extant Greek commentary on the Apocalypse
Optatus4th centurycombated Donatism
Origen of Alexandria254posthumously anathematized at Fifth Ecumenical Council (533)
Orosius420 
Pachomius348Father of Christian cenobitic monasticism
Pacian of Barcelona391combated Novatianism
Palladius of Helenopolis5th century 
Pamphilus of Caesarea309 
Pantamus214first to make the Catechetical school of Alexandria famous
Papias155disciple of John the Evangelist and Ariston
Patrick5th century 
Paulinus of Nola431 
Peter Chrysologus450Doctor of the Church
Pope Peter of Alexandria311 
Philip the priest commented on the Book of Job
Philoxenus of Hierapolis6th centuryauthor of 13 ascetic discourses who combated Nestorianism, Manichaeism, and Marcionism
Poemen commented on the Psalms
Polycarp155 
Proclus of Constantinople440s 
Prohaeresius367 
Prosper of Aquitaine455 
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite author of The Divine Names, The Mystical Theology, The Celestial Hierarchy, The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, and the non-extant Theological Outlines; quoted extensively in the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas
Quadratus of Athens2nd centurywrote a non-extant apology to Emperor Hadrian
Rabbula490sGallic author of On the government of God
Severian of Gabala408commented on Genesis and the First and Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Severus of Antioch6th century 
Sextus Julius Africanus3rd century 
Sidonius Apollinaris  
Socrates of Constantinople5th century 
Sophronius638 
Sozomen450 
Sulpicius Severus420disciple and biographer of Martin of Tours and author of an Ecclesiastical History
Synesius of Syrene414 
Tatian185 
Tertullian222died a Montanist
Theodore of Mopsuestia428commented on Acts of the Apostles and the First and Second Epistle to the Corinthians
Theodoret of Cyrus457continuator of Eusebius of Caesarea
Theodotus of Ancyra4th century 
Theophilus of Antioch180sfirst writer known to have used the term Trinity to describe the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit
Theotimos407 
Tichonius390commented on the Apocalypse; his seven principles of interpretation from his Book of Rules inspired Augustine of Hippo <
Tyrannius Rufinus410friend of Jerome and continuator of Eusebius of Caesarea who commented on the Psalms
Valerian of Cimiez commented on the Psalms
Venantius Fortunatus600swrote a poem on Easter
Victor of Antioch commented on the Gospel of Mark
Victorinus of Pettau303author of On the Creation of the World and a Commentary on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John
Vincent of Lérins450 
Zeno of Verona371 
Pope Zephyrinus217commented on the Psalms

After John of Damascus


Church Father Date of death Notes
Athanasius the Athonite<ref name="AI" />1000 
Gregory Palamas<ref name="AZK">http://www.bible.net.au</ref>1359Pillar of Orthodoxy and defender of Hesychasm
Innocent of Alaska1879his The Way Into the Kingdom of Heaven is often used as an Orthodox catechism<ref name="AI" />
Mark of Ephesus<ref name="JP" />1444Pillar of Orthodoxy
Nicholas Cabasilas<ref name="JP" />1391 
Photius the Great<ref name="JP" /><ref name="AZK" />893Pillar of Orthodoxy and author of Bibliotheca
Symeon Metaphrastes<ref name="QZ"/>10th century 
Symeon the New Theologian<ref name="AZK" />1022one of three Orthodox saints honored with the title "The Theologian"
Theodore the Studite826 
Theophan the Recluse<ref name="QZ" />1894 

Notes and References

See also

External links

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