Daniel Fairclough

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Daniel Featley also called Fairclough and sometimes called Richard Fairclough/Featley (born 1578 in Charlton, Oxfordshire—died April 17, 1645) was an English theologian involved in the translation of the King James Version of the Bible.

Life

He was a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and probationer fellow in 1602, after which he went to the court of Henry IV of France as chaplain to the English ambassador.

For some years Featley was domestic chaplain to George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, and held also the rectories of Lambeth (1619), Allhallows, Bread Street (c. 1622), and Acton (1627), this last after leaving the archbishop's service in 1625.

His varied activities included a Scholastic duel with James I of England in 1625 and the publication of the report of a conference with some Jesuits in 1624, a devotional, manual entitled Ancilla Pietatis (1626), and Mystica Clavis: a Key opening divers Difficult Texts of Scripture in 70 Sermons (1636). He was also a chaplain in ordinary to Charles I of England, and was appointed provost of Chelsea College in 1630. In 1641 he sat on a subcommittee to settle religion. In the course of this work he had a disputation with four Baptists at Southwark which he commemorated in his book The Dippers dipt or the Anabaptists dunckt and plunged over head and ears (1645).

In the translation project, Featley served in the "First Oxford Company", responsible for the later books of the Old Testament in the King James Bible.

He sat in the Westminster Assembly of 1643 and was the last of the Episcopal members to remain. For revealing its proceedings he was expelled and imprisoned. He died at Chelsea.

References

  • McClure, Alexander. (1858) The Translators Revived: A Biographical Memoir of the Authors of the English Version of the Holy Bible. Mobile, Alabama: R. E. Publications (republished by the Marantha Bible Society, 1984 ASIN B0006YJPI8 )
  • Nicolson, Adam. (2003) God's Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible. New York: HarperCollins ISBN 0-06-095975-4

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