Codex Sangallensis 63

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Codex Sangallensis 63 with the Comma Johanneum added later in a different hand
Codex Sangallensis 63 with the Comma Johanneum added later in a different hand

The Codex Sangallensis 63, designated S, is a 9th-century Latin manuscript of the New Testament. The text, written on vellum, is a version of the Latin Vulgate Bible and contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Epistles, Book of Revelation, and non-biblical material (an Etymological dictionary). The manuscript has not survived in a complete condition, some parts of it have been lost.[1] The codex contains the Comma Johanneum.



Codex Sangallensis contains 160 leaves (320 pages) arranged in quarto, in one thick volume. The measures of leaves are 22.3 by 19.2 cm. A single paper fly-leaf was added by a later hand. The text is written in 22 lines in one (pages 1–49) or two (pages 50–320) columns per page in Carolingian minuscule letters with black ink.[2] The head-pieces are written in uncial letters, the initial letters are red. It has some margin notes.[2][3] The order of books: Pauline epistles (folios 2-163), Acts (163-244), Catholic epistles (245-283), and Apocalypse (283-320). The text does not contain the second and third Epistle of John.[4][5] The original codex did not contain the Comma Johanneum (in 1 John 5:7), but it was added by a later hand on the margin (see picture).[4] The Comma:

sicut in caelo tres sunt pater uerbum et spiritus et tres sunt (as in heaven three are: the Father, the Word, and the Spirit, they are three).[6]


The manuscript was examined and described by H. Brauer,[7] A. Bruckner,[8] G. Scherrer.[9] It was digitised in 2008 and it is available on the site of the Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland.[2] Palaeographically the manuscript is dated to the 9th or 10th century.[2] Currently the manuscript is housed at the Abbey library of Saint Gall (63) in St. Gallen.[2]

See also


  • 1. Press, 1977, p. 339.
  • 2. Cod. Sang. 63 at the e-codices
  • 3. Rolf Bergmann, Yvonne Goldammer, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, Walter de Gruyter, p. 468.
  • 4. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 2 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 86.
  • 5. Gregory, Caspar René (1902). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 2. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 632. ISBN 1-4021-6347-9.
  • 6. Biblia Sacra Vulgata, Stuttgartiana, Stuttgart 1983, p. 1878.
  • 7. H. Brauer, Die Bücherei von St. Gallen und das althochdeutsche Schrifttum, M. Niemeyer, 1926, p. 86.
  • 8. A. Bruckner, Scriptoria Medii Aevi Helvetica (1938), III, p. 25.
  • 9. Gallen Gustav Scherrer, Verzeichniss der Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek von St. Gallen (Halle, 1975), p. 28.

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