Codex Ebnerianus

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Codex Ebnerianus, Minuscule 105 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 257 (Soden), is a Greek language illuminated manuscript of the New Testament, though missing the Book of Revelation.[1] Formerly it was labeled by 105e, 48a, and 24p.[2]



It is believed written in Constantinople at the start of the 12thC during the Comnenian Period.[3] It is unique amongst surviving Greek New Testament manuscripts in that it places author portraits before each epistle, act and gospel, as opposed to just the gospels.[4] This manuscript gives a good example of Greek calligraphy of the 12th century.

It is written in 1 column per page, 27 lines per page, on 426 parchment leaves (20.5 by 16 cm). Capital letters in gold.[2]

The book itself was bound in silver inlaid with ivory[5] and comprises 426 leaves of vellum in quarto (20.5 by 16 cm).[6] It contains Epistula ad Carpianum, the Eusebian Tables, tables of κεφαλαια, τιτλοι, κεφαλαια, the Ammonian Sections, but not the Eusebian Canons, subscriptrions, στιχοι, and the Nicene Creed all in gold.[7] Synaxarion and Menologion were added by Joasaph, a calligraphist, in 1391, who also added John 8:3-11 at the end of that Gospel.[7]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[8] It belongs to the textual family Family Kx.[9]


The codex is named after Hieronymus Wilhelm Ebner von Eschenbach (1673-1752); a Nuremberg diplomat and German Enlightenment historian, who founded a library using his extensive collection.

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, (MS. Auct. T. inf. 1. 10).[10]

See also


  • 1. The harmony of the Gospels. With an account of ancient MSS. and of the various tr. of the Scriptures Oxford University 1863
  • 2. Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 152.
  • 3. It was once believed to have been written in 1391
  • 4. Cecelia Meredith,The Illustration of Codex Ebnerianus; Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 29, (1966)
  • 5. p. 304; Thomas Hartwell; An Introduction to the Study of Bibliography; T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1814; Original from the New York Public Library
  • 6. Thomas Hartwell Horne An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures Published by E. Littell, 1825
  • 7. Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 208.
  • 8. Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 138.
  • 9. F. Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 54.
  • 10. K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 52.

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