Codex Complutensis I

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The Codex Complutensis I, designated by C, is a 10th century Latin manuscript of the Old and New Testament. The text, written on vellum, is a version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. In some parts of the Old Testament, it presents an Old Latin version.[]



The Latin text of the Gospels is a representative of the Spanish type of Vulgate,[] In some portions of the Old Testament it represents the Old Latin version (Book of Ruth, Book of Esther,[] Book of Tobit,[] Book of Judith, 1-2 Maccabees).[]

It contains apocryphal 4 Book of Esdra.[] It contains an Epistle to the Laodiceans (follows after Epistle to the Hebrews, not Colossians like in other Spanish Bibles).

It contains texts of the Pericope Adultera (John 7:53-8:11) and Comma Johanneum.


According to the colophon the manuscript was written in the year 927.[]

The manuscript was purchased by Cardinal Ximenes and used by him in editing the Complutensian Polyglot Bible. It was examined by Samuel Berger and Westcott.[]

During the Spanish Civil War (19361939) it was almost totally destroyed.[] The little that still remains is in the Library of the Facultad de Filosofía y Letras (Centr. 31) in Madrid.[]

The Benedictine Abbey of St. Jerome in Rome housed a facsimile of the entire manuscript.[]

See also


Further reading

  • M. Revilla, La Biblia Polyglota de Alcalá (Madrid, 1917).
  • A. Jülicher, Itala. Das Neue Testament in Altlateinischer Überlieferung, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, 1976.

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