1621

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Year 1621 (MDCXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).


Contents

Events of 1621

January–June

  • February 9 – Papal conclave, 1621: Pope Gregory XV succeeds Pope Paul V as the 234th pope.
  • February 17 – Miles Standish is appointed as the first commander of Plymouth Colony.
  • March 16 – Samoset, a Mohegan, visits the settlers of Plymouth Colony and greets them, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset."
  • March 22 – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.
  • April – The Twelve Years' Truce between the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Empire expires, and both sides prepare to resume the Eighty Years' War.
  • April 1 – The Plymouth, Massachusetts colonists create the first treaty with native Americans.
  • April 5 – The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth on a return trip to England.
  • May 24 – The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.
  • June 3 – The Dutch West India Company is founded.
  • June 21 – Thirty Years' War: Twenty-seven Czech lords are executed on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.

July–December

  • September – October – Battle of Khotyn: Polish troops hold off a large Ottoman army for over a month.
  • October – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony and Wampanoags celebrate a harvest feast (3 days), later regarded as the "First Thanksgiving", noted for peaceful co-existence.
  • October 9 – The Treaty of Khotyn is signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ending the First Polish-Ottoman War.
  • November 11 – The ship Fortune arrives at Plymouth Colony, with 35 more settlers.
  • December 31 – Thirty Years' War: The Peace of Nikolsburg is signed between Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor and Gabor Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania. Bethlen agreed to renounce his claims to Hungary. In return Bethlen received several counties and lands along the eastern border of the Holy Roman Empire, and Moravia was granted religious freedom.


Births

  • January 27 – Thomas Willis, English physician who made important contributions to anatomy, particularly of the brain and nervous system (d. 1675)
  • February 2 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
  • February 21 – Rebecca Nurse, accused witch (d. 1692)
  • March 31 – Andrew Marvell, English poet (d. 1678)
  • April 1 – Guru Teg Bahadur, 9th Sikh Guru (d. 1675)
  • April 25 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)
  • July 6 – Jean de La Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
  • July 22 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, British politician (d. 1683)
  • August 19 – Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (d. 1674)
  • September 8 – Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (d. 1686)
  • December 23 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • December 23 – Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)


Deaths

  • January 28 – Pope Paul V (b. 1550)


External Link

Wikipedia Article on 1621

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