Proto-Greek language

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(New page: The '''Proto-Greek language''' (also known as '''Proto-Hellenic''') is an Indo-European language. It is assumed to be the last common ancestor of all known vari...)
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The '''Proto-Greek language''' (also known as '''Proto-Hellenic''') is an [[Indo-European languages|Indo-European language]]. It is assumed to be the last common ancestor of all known varieties of [[Greek language|Greek]], including [[Mycenaean Greek]], the subsequent [[ancient Greek dialects]] (i.e., [[Attic Greek|Attic]], [[Ionic Greek|Ionic]], [[Aeolic Greek|Aeolic]], [[Doric Greek|Doric]], [[Ancient Macedonian language|Ancient Macedonian]] and [[Arcadocypriot Greek|Arcadocypriot]]) and, ultimately, [[Koine Greek|Koine]], [[Medieval Greek|Byzantine]] and [[Modern Greek]]. The unity of Proto-Greek would have ended as Hellenic migrants, who spoke the predecessor of the Mycenaean language, entered the [[Geography of Greece|Greek peninsula]] sometime in the [[Neolithic]] or the [[Bronze Age]].  
The '''Proto-Greek language''' (also known as '''Proto-Hellenic''') is an [[Indo-European languages|Indo-European language]]. It is assumed to be the last common ancestor of all known varieties of [[Greek language|Greek]], including [[Mycenaean Greek]], the subsequent [[ancient Greek dialects]] (i.e., [[Attic Greek|Attic]], [[Ionic Greek|Ionic]], [[Aeolic Greek|Aeolic]], [[Doric Greek|Doric]], [[Ancient Macedonian language|Ancient Macedonian]] and [[Arcadocypriot Greek|Arcadocypriot]]) and, ultimately, [[Koine Greek|Koine]], [[Medieval Greek|Byzantine]] and [[Modern Greek]]. The unity of Proto-Greek would have ended as Hellenic migrants, who spoke the predecessor of the Mycenaean language, entered the [[Geography of Greece|Greek peninsula]] sometime in the [[Neolithic]] or the [[Bronze Age]].  
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==Origins==
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The evolution of Proto-Greek could be considered within the context of an early [[Paleo-Balkan languages|Paleo-Balkan]] [[sprachbund]] that makes it difficult to delineate exact boundaries between individual languages. The characteristically Greek representation of word-initial [[Laryngeal theory|laryngeals]] by [[Prothesis (linguistics)|prothetic vowels]] is shared, for one, by the [[Armenian language]], which also seems to share some other phonological and morphological peculiarities of Greek; this has led some linguists to propose a [[Graeco-Armenian|hypothetically closer relationship between Greek and Armenian]], although evidence remains scant.
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Current revision

The Proto-Greek language (also known as Proto-Hellenic) is an Indo-European language. It is assumed to be the last common ancestor of all known varieties of Greek, including Mycenaean Greek, the subsequent ancient Greek dialects (i.e., Attic, Ionic, Aeolic, Doric, Ancient Macedonian and Arcadocypriot) and, ultimately, Koine, Byzantine and Modern Greek. The unity of Proto-Greek would have ended as Hellenic migrants, who spoke the predecessor of the Mycenaean language, entered the Greek peninsula sometime in the Neolithic or the Bronze Age.

Origins

The evolution of Proto-Greek could be considered within the context of an early Paleo-Balkan sprachbund that makes it difficult to delineate exact boundaries between individual languages. The characteristically Greek representation of word-initial laryngeals by prothetic vowels is shared, for one, by the Armenian language, which also seems to share some other phonological and morphological peculiarities of Greek; this has led some linguists to propose a hypothetically closer relationship between Greek and Armenian, although evidence remains scant.

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