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Passover or Pesach (/ˈpɛsɑːx, ˈpeɪsɑːx/;[4] from Hebrew פֶּסַח Pesah, Pesakh, Assyrian; ܦܸܨܚܵܐ"piskha"), is an important, biblically derived Jewish festival. The Jewish people celebrate Passover as a commemoration of their liberation by God from slavery in Egypt and their freedom as a nation under the leadership of Moses. It commemorates the story of the Exodus as described in the Hebrew Bible especially in the Book of Exodus, in which the Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. According to standard biblical chronology, this event would have taken place at about 1300 BCE (AM 2450).

The word Passover was coined by Tyndale in 1530 from two words - 'pass' and 'over', translated from the Hebrew word pesah in reference to the Lord "passing over" the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he killed the first-born of the Egyptians in Exodus 12.

Passover is a yearly feast of the Jews, which was celebrated in biblical times with the sacrifice of the paschal lamb. The Old Testament Passover was replaced by the New Testament Easter after Christ's death, burial, and resurrection.

Passover is a spring festival which during the existence of the Jerusalem Temple was connected to the offering of the "first-fruits of the barley", barley being the first grain to ripen and to be harvested in the Land of Israel.

After Jesus Christ died, Christians celebrated the Pascha in as the celebration of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus. In English, this eventually was named Easter.

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