Papyrus 40

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Papyrus 40 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by Image:C3945eee4633c095c5059f9a67aca5f7.png40, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. The manuscript paleographically had been assigned to the 3rd century. Carelessly written.



It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle to the Romans, it contains Romans 1:24-27; 1:31-2:3; 3:21-4:8; 6:45.1616; 9:16-17.27.

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type, rather proto-Alexandrian, Aland named it as "Free text", and placed it in Category I because of its date.<ref name = Aland>Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 98. </ref>

This manuscript is closer to Codex Sinaiticus then Codex Alexandrinus and Vaticanus.<ref>Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, p. 65. </ref>

It is currently housed at the Papyrussammlung der Universität in the University of Heidelberg (Inv. no. 45).<ref name = Aland/>

See also


Further reading

  • Friedrich Bilabel, Römerbrieffragmente, VBP IV, (Heidelberg 1924), pp. 28-31.

External links

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