Minuscule 1739

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Minuscule 1739 (per Gregory-Aland numbering); α 78 per (von Soden) is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on 102 parchment leaves (23 cm by 17.5 cm). Dated paleographically to the 10th century.<ref name = Aland>K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 145.



The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. Written in one column per page, 35 lines per page.<ref name = Aland/> Hebrews placed before 1 Timothy.

It contains a large number of notes drawn from early church fathers (Irenaeus, Clement, Origen, Eusebius, and Basil), but none later than Basil (329-379 CE), suggesting a relatively early date for 1739's exemplar. The text of this manuscript often agrees with p46 and Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209. A colophon indicates that while copying the Pauline epistles, the scribe followed a manuscript that contained text edited by Origen.<ref>Bruce M. Metzger, "Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Paleography", Oxford University Press (New York: Oxford, 1981), p. 112.


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. The Alands placed the text of epistles in Category I, but the text of the Acts in Category II.<ref>Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 135.

Together with manuscripts 323, 630, 945, and 1891 it belongs to the textual Family 1739 (in the Acts). In the Pauline epistles to this family belong manuscripts: 0121a, 0243/0121b, 6, 424, 630 (in part), and 1881.

In Acts 20:28 it reads του κυριου (of the Lord) together with the manuscripts Papyrus 74 C* D E Ψ 33 36 453 945 1891. The other manuscruipts have του κυριου (of the Lord) or του κυριου και του Θεου (of the Lord and God).<ref>NA26, p. 384. </ref><ref group="n">For the another variants of this verse see: Textual variants in the Acts of the Apostles.

In a margin notes to the text of 1 John 5:6 corrector added textual reading δι' ὕδατος καὶ αἵματος καὶ πνεύματος (through water and blood and spirit) together with the manuscripts: Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, 104, 424c, 614, 2412, 2495, 598m, syrh, copsa, copbo, Origen.<ref>UBS3, p. 823. </ref><ref group="n">For another variants of this verse see: Textual variants in the First Epistle of John.</ref> Bart D. Ehrman identified this reading as Orthodox corrupt reading.<ref>Bart D. Ehrman, The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1993, p. 60.


The manuscript was copied by a monk named Ephraim. He copied 1739 from an uncial exemplar from the 4th century. It was discovered by E. von der Goltz in 1879 at Mount Athos and is usually known by his name.<ref>Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 86.</ref> A collation was made by Morton S. Enslin (in Lake Six Collations). The codex is housed at the Great Lavra (B 184), in Athos.

See also



Further reading

  • Lagrange, M.-J. "Critique textuelle II". Pages 470–471 in La Critique rationelle. Paris, 1935.
  • Kim, K. W. "Codices 1582, 1739, and Origen". Journal of Biblical Literature 69 (1950): 167.
  • J. N. Birdsall, A Study of MS. 1739 and its Relationship to MSS. 6, 424, 1908, and M (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 1959)

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