Matthew 1:1

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<small>''See Also [[Genealogy of Jesus]]''</small>
<small>''See Also [[Genealogy of Jesus]]''</small>
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<small>''See Also [[Scriptures Containing Generation]]''</small>
<small>''See Also [[Scriptures Containing Generation]]''</small>

Revision as of 10:31, 15 October 2017

New Testament Matthew 1

(Textus Receptus, Novum Testamentum, Theodore Beza, 4th folio edition. Geneva. 1598)

(King James Version, Pure Cambridge Edition 1900)

(King James Version 2016 Edition, 2016)

Contents

Interlinear

See Also Matthew 1:1 Interlinear

Strong's Greek Pronunciation KJV 1611 KJV 1900 KJV 2016 Parts of speech Case Tense Number Gender Person Voice Mood
976 ΒΊΒΛΟΣ vi'-vlos The booke The book The book Noun Nominative - Singular Feminine - - -
1078 γενέσεως yen'-es-ee-ooce' of the generation of the generation of the generation Noun Genitive - Singular Feminine - - -
2424 Ἰησοῦ ee-ay-so-oo' of Iesus of Jesus of Jesus Noun Genitive - Singular Masculine - - -
5547 Χριστοῦ khris-to-oo' Christ Christ Christ Noun Genitive - Singular Masculine - - -
5207 υἱοῦ hwee-oo' the sonne the son the Son Noun Genitive - Singular Masculine - - -
1138 Δαβὶδ dav-eeth' of Dauid of David of David Noun - - - - - - -
5207 υἱοῦ hwee-oo' the sonne the son the Son Noun Genitive - Singular Masculine - - -
11 Ἀβραάμ av-rah-arm' of Abraham of Abraham of Abraham Noun - - - - - - -

Commentary

See Also Matthew 1:1 Commentary

Matthew 1:1 is the opening verse of the first chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. Since Matthew is traditionally placed as the first of the four Gospels, this verse commonly serves as the opening to the entire New Testament. It is a sentence without a verb and is more of a heading for what follows in verse 18.

The book

Βίβλος is translated as ‘The’ book and not simply ‘Book’ due to the normal use of anarthrous nouns in titles. This negates the need for italics here in the article ‘the.’ Anarthrous nouns are generally translated into English with the indefinite article ("a, an"). There are some anarthrous nouns which are qualitative and are often translated without an article. "Anarthrous," in grammar, simply means without the article. In English we have both the definite article (‘the’) and the indefinite article (‘a’), but in Greek there is no indefinite article.

The ending of this noun, -os, tells us that it is nominative in case.

Βίβλος is the inner bark of the papyrus plant which was made into a written book, a sheet, or scroll of writing. There are seven meanings revealed in scripture:

1) It is firstly used here as a book, or scroll (Matthew 1:1),
2) concerning the Pentateuch as the "book" of Moses in Mark 12:26,
3) regarding "the book of the words of Isaiah" that Jesus read from in Luke 3:4,
4) the "book of Psalms" in Luke 20:42 and also in Acts 1:20,
5) as "the prophets" in Acts 7:42,
6) as "the Book of Life" in Philippians 4:3, Revelation 3:5, 20:15
7) and of secular writings in Acts 19:19.

The English word Bible stems from the Greek Βίβλος. Interestingly the English word paper comes from papyrus. Because Beech wood tablets were a common writing material in Germanic societies before the development of paper, the Old English bōc and Old Norse bók both have the primary sense of “beech” but also a secondary sense of “book,” and it is from bōc that the modern word book derives. In modern German, the word for “book” is Buch, with Buche meaning “beech tree.” In the Swedish language, these words are the same, bok meaning both “beech tree” and “book.”

See Also Βίβλος, Book, Bible, Papyrus, and Anarthrous nouns.

of the generation

γενέσεως of the generation, means to be generated or to be placed in time, where the origination of the eternal Christ's body occurred and the Word became flesh. Christ was not generated from man, but through Mary and from God, linking to verse 18. The genealogy mentioned is of Joseph, and not Jesus. Thus the New King James Version's translation is faulty having "The genealogy of Jesus Christ" because Christ had no genealogy except through His mother.

The exact phrase 'Βίβλος γενέσεως' (at times the book of the genealogy) is used in Genesis 2:4 and 5:1 in the so called Greek Septuagint. This is correct because it concerns God's creation and also to genealogies of man, whereas in Matthew 1:1, it is applied to the eternal, uncreated, Son of God, an thus is translated as generation. The LXX has:

αὕτη ἡ βίβλος γενέσεως οὐρανοῦ καὶ γῆς ὅτε ἐγένετο ᾗ ἡμέρᾳ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν Genesis 2:4
αὕτη ἡ βίβλος γενέσεως ἀνθρώπων ᾗ ἡμέρᾳ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν αδαμ κατ’ εἰκόνα θεοῦ ἐποίησεν αὐτόν. Genesis 5:1

See Also Genesis 37:2 and Numbers 3:1.

In Hebrew the phrase "book of the genealogy" sepher toledoth (סֵפֶר תֹּולְדֹת) is frequent in Jewish writing. The other genealogy concerning the linage of the family of Jesus appears in Luke 3:23-38. This genealogical list here in Matthew is necessary to prove the linage and pedigree of Jesus Christ's family, and that being raised in the house of Joseph who was the "Son of David" and "Son of Abraham" He fulfills the requirements relating to the prophecies about the coming Messiah.

While some believe the phrase 'Βίβλος γενέσεως' to be merely a title for the first part of the gospel of Matthew (1-17) and not a title to the Gospel of Matthew, nor for the entire New Testament itself, it is most probably linked to verse 18, where Jesus is generated from God, rather than produced through men in the genealogy of verse 2-17. It must be noted that the generation of Jesus Christ, applies to Christ's entire life. Nowhere else in the New Testament does book refer to anything other than an entire work. So it is erroneous to conclude that it is only concerned with the listed genealogy.

Because Jeconiah was cursed, in no way can the linage of Joseph be part of the linage of Jesus, as many modern versions of the bible mistakenly claim by changing the English reading of "generation" into "genealogy" or "linage."

While the long genealogy of names may be of little interest to most modern readers, lineage and descent were of great importance in Jewish society of the time, and a family descent from David and Abraham was crucial to accepting Jesus as the Messiah. The names, at least in the first part of the genealogy, would have been well known to readers. The genealogy provides proof that the promise of mankind's future salvation made in Genesis 3:15 through the "Seed of the woman" is fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth.

Matthew 1:1 has 'genesis' translated as generation (also translated as nature) never as birth, nor as genealogy, which is a separate and distinct word used in the Pastorals.

See Also Genealogy of Jesus

See Also Scriptures Containing Generation

of Jesus Christ

Ἰησοῦ The Hebrew Yeshua means "the LORD (Jehovah) is salvation."

Beza's 1598 has ȣ for οῦ in this and many other places. The οῦ has been retained above for ease of reading.

Χριστοῦ. Christ meaning - The Messiah, anointed one. The word anointed means to be placed into a position, like a king or a priest. A similar word is appointed.

the Son of David

υἱοῦ Δαβίδ. The "Son of David" (בֶּן דָּוִד,is a title of the Messiah, the Savior. Matthew 15:22, 20:20, 21:15; Mark 10:47; and Luke 18:38.

Some manuscripts spell Δαβίδ as Δαυεὶδ (with υε in place of a β) and Δαυὶδ (with υ in place of a β). Δαυεὶδ and Δαυὶδ are also forms in the Greek Septuagint.

The word son is capitalized here because the in Matthew 15:22, 20:30, 21:9, 22:42, etc. the KJV in the Pure Cambridge Edition capitalizes the word. Bible Protector claims that lower case “s” demotes Jesus from deity in these examples, but seems to have no issue with Matthew 1:1.

In earlier manuscripts, such as Codex Freerianus (Manuscript Washington, W 032), Δαβίδ is abbreviated to “DAD” with Nomina Sacra (a line across the top of these letters) at Matt. 12:23. A scribe working from such a manuscript when later seeking to spell this name out in greater detail, might spell it as, “Dabid” or “Daueid” or “Dauid.” It seems that in the tradition of the Byzantines they varied between such diverse spellings for phonetic reasons.

the Son of Abraham

υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ. The "Son of Abraham" reveals that Christ is the promised Seed of the Abrahamic covenant. While the title "Son of David" was a common messianic title, "son of Abraham" was an expression that could refer to any Jew.

Some heretics assume that Jesus cannot be of the Seed of Abraham because He had no earthly father. But Jesus was clearly adopted by Joseph, the husband of Jesus' mother, Mary. So, while Jesus was not conceived by Joseph, he was the certainly considered son of Joseph. Joseph was a descendant of Abraham (see Matthew 1:2-16). In any case, Jesus was a physical descendant of Abraham because he was conceived of Mary. Mary, whose father was Eli, was a descendant of Abraham (Luke 3:23-38). The assumption that Abraham can only have descendants through males is simply mistaken. As can be seen in the case of Zelophehad:

Numbers 26:33 And Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
Numbers 27:1-11 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph: and these are the names of his daughters; Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Tirzah. And they stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying, "Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not in the company of them that gathered themselves together against the Lord in the company of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons. Why should the name of our father be done away from among his family, because he hath no son? Give unto us therefore a possession among the brethren of our father."

And Moses brought their cause before the Lord.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, "The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father's brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them. And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying,
  • If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.
  • And if he have no daughter, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his brethren.
  • And if he have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his father's brethren.
  • And if his father have no brethren, then ye shall give his inheritance unto his kinsman that is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be unto the children of Israel a statute of judgment, as the Lord commanded Moses.

So, daughters as well as sons are the descendants of Abraham, and it is sufficient for Jesus that he was a son of Mary. The fact that from Genesis the bible clearly talked about the woman's seed, not the mans. Consider:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, and to seeds, as of many; but as of one, and to thy seed, which is Christ.

Modern English Version

The MEV has son without the capital S.

Early Church Fathers

  • Βίβλος, φησὶ, γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, υἱοῦ Δαβίδ, υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ. Origen (Commentary of St. John’s Gospel, vol. 1, A.E. Brooke, p 6, 20)
  • Βίβλος γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ Δαβίδ υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ Eusebius of Caesarea (Demonstratio Evangelica, p337, 14, Eusebius Werke, Ivar A. Heikel)

Greek

See Also Matthew 1:1 Greek

Textus Receptus

Complutensian Polyglot

Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1514 Complutensian Polyglot

See Also Matthew 1:1 Complutensian Polyglot 1514

Aldine

Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1518 Greek New Testament of Aldine
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1518 Greek New Testament of Aldine

Cephaleus

  • 1524 (Wolf Cephaleus. Printed in Strassburg)

Desiderius Erasmus

Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1516 Novum Instrumentum omne of Erasmus
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1516 Novum Instrumentum omne of Erasmus
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1522 Greek New Testament of Erasmus
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1522 Greek New Testament of Erasmus

Colinæus

Stephanus (Robert Estienne)

Matthew 1:1 in the 1546 Greek New Testament of Stephanus
Matthew 1:1 in the 1546 Greek New Testament of Stephanus

Theodore Beza

Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1565 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1565 Greek New Testament
  • 1565 (Beza Octavo 1st)
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1567 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1567 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1588 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1588 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1598 Greek New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in Beza's 1598 Greek New Testament

See Also Matthew 1:1 Beza 1598 (Beza)

  • 1604 (Beza Octavo 5th)

Plantin Polyglot

Matthew 1:1 in Plantin's 1584 Greek Latin Polyglot
Matthew 1:1 in Plantin's 1584 Greek Latin Polyglot

Elias Hutter

Elzevir

Scholz

Footnote Rec. Δαβίδ. [et sic passim].
Matthew 1:1 Footnote in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla of Johann Martin Augustin Scholz
Matthew 1:1 Footnote in Greek in the 1841 English Hexapla of Johann Martin Augustin Scholz

Scrivener

Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1880 Greek of Scrivener
Matthew 1:1 in Greek in the 1880 Greek of Scrivener

Other Greek

Matthew 1:1 in Papyrus 1 250 AD
Matthew 1:1 in Papyrus 1 250 AD

Anglo Saxon Translations

  • 990 her is on cneorisse-bóc hælendes cristes dauides suna. Abrahames suna. (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Manuscript 140, Corpus Christi College by Aelfric) Wessex Gospels
  • 1200 Soðliche wel is to understanden þæt æfter matheus ge-rechednysse her is on cneornysse boc. hælendes cristes dauiðes suna. abrahames suna. (Anglo-Saxon Gospels Hatton Manuscript 38, Bodleian Library by unknown author)

English Translations

Matthew 1:1 in the 1611 King James Version
Matthew 1:1 in the 1611 King James Version
Matthew 1:1 in the 1599 Geneva Bible
Matthew 1:1 in the 1599 Geneva Bible
Matthew 1:1 footnote in the 1599 Geneva Bible
Matthew 1:1 footnote in the 1599 Geneva Bible


Foreign Language Translations

See also Bible translations into Afrikaans

Afrikaans

  • 1933 (Ta Biblia Ta Logia - J. D. du Toit, E. E. van Rooyen, J. D. Kestell, H. C. M. Fourie, and BB Keet
  • 1953 Die geslagsregister van Jesus Christus, die seun van Dawid, die seun van Abraham:
  • 1982 Paraphrase - Die Lewende Bybel, Christelike Uitgewersmaatskappy (CUM)
  • 1982 South African Bible Society - E. P. Groenewald, A. H. van Zyl, P. A. Verhoef, J. L. Helberg, and W. Kempen
  • 1983 © Bybelgenootskap van Suid Afrika
  • 2001 The Nuwe Wêreld-vertaling van die Heilige Skrif is an Afrikaans translation of the 1984 English translation of the Bible by the Watchtower Society.
  • 2002 Die Boodskap
  • 2002 DieBybel@Kinders.co.za - Gert Prinsloo, Phil Botha, Willem Boshoff, Hennie Stander, Dirk Human, Stephan Joubert, and Jan van der Watt.
  • 2006 The Nuwe Lewende Vertaling (literally "New Living Translation")
  • 2008 Bybel vir Almal - South African Bible Society, Bart Oberholzer, Bernard Combrink, Hermie van Zyl, Francois Tolmie, Christo van der Merwe, Rocco Hough en Elmine Roux.
  • 2014 Direct Translation, South African Bible Society
  • 2014 Afrikaans Standard Version, CUM Books

Akan

Albabian

  • Abrahamit i lindi Isaku; Isakut i lindi Jakobi; Jakobit i lindi Juda dhe vëllezërit e tij.

Amuzgo de Guerrero

  • 1973 Amuzgo de Guerrero (AMU) Copyright © 1973, 1999 by La Liga Biblica
  • 1999

Armenian

  • Աբրահամ ծնաւ Իսահակը. Իսահակ ծնաւ Յակոբը. Յակոբ ծնաւ Յուդան ու անոր եղբայրները.

Arabic

  • 1516
  • 1591
  • 1616
  • 1622
  • 1671 Biblia Arabica. de propaganda fide. Arabic and Latin Bible printed in Rome by Abraham Ecchellensis and Louis Maracci
  • كتاب ميلاد يسوع المسيح ابن داود ابن ابراهيم (Arabic Smith & Van Dyke)
  • 1988 Arabic Life Application Bible (ALAB) Copyright © 1988 by Biblica
  • 2009 Arabic Bible: Easy-to-Read Version (ERV-AR) Copyright © 2009 by World Bible Translation Center

Aramaic/Syriac

  • ܟܬܒܐ ܕܝܠܝܕܘܬܗ ܕܝܫܘܥ ܡܫܝܚܐ ܒܪܗ (Aramaic Peshitta)
  • 1000 ܟܬܒܐ ܕܝܠܝܕܘܬܗ ܕܝܫܘܥ ܡܫܝܚܐ ܒܪܗ ܕܕܘܝܕ ܒܪܗ ܕܐܒܪܗܡ ܀ Khaboris Codex
  • 1886 ܟܬܒܐ ܕܬܘ̈ܠܕܬܐ ܕܝܫܘܥ ܡܫܝܚܐ ܒܪܗ ܕܕܘܝܕ ܒܪܗ ܕܐܒܪܗܡ

Basque

  • 1571 IESVS CHRIST Dauid-en semearen, Abrahamen semearen generationeco Liburuä.

Bulgarian

  • 1940 Родословието на Исуса Христа, син на Давида, син на Авраама. (Матей 1:1) (1940 Bulgarian Bible)
  • Родословието на Исуса Христа, син на Давида, син на Авраама. (Матей 1:1) (Bulgarian Bible)

Cherokee

  • 1860 ᎯᎠ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎧᏃᎮᎭ ᏧᏁᏢᏔᏅᏒ ᏥᏌ ᎦᎶᏁᏛ, ᏕᏫ ᎤᏪᏥ, ᎡᏆᎭᎻ ᎤᏪᏥ. Cherokee New Testament (CHR)

Chinese

  • 1 亚 伯 拉 罕 的 後 裔 , 大 卫 的 子 孙 ( 後 裔 子 孙 原 文 都 作 儿 子 下 同 ) , 耶 稣 基 督 的 家 谱 : (馬 太 福 音 1:1) (Chinese Union Version (Simplified))
  • 1 亞 伯 拉 罕 的 後 裔 , 大 衛 的 子 孫 ( 後 裔 子 孫 原 文 都 作 兒 子 下 同 ) , 耶 穌 基 督 的 家 譜 : (馬 太 福 音 1:1) (Chinese Union Version (Traditional))
  • 創1:1 起初, 上帝創造天地。 (Chinese King James Version)

Croatian

Czech

Danish

Dutch

Esperanto

Finnish

French

  • Livre de la généalogie de Jésus Christ, fils de David, fils d'Abraham: (French Darby)
  • 1744 Le Livre de la Généalogie de Jésus-Christ, fils de David, fils d'Abraham. (Martin 1744)
  • 1744 Livre généalogique de JÉSUS-CHRIST, fils de David, fils d'Abraham. (Ostervald 1744)
  • 1864 (Augustin Crampon)
  • 1910
  • 2006 (King James Française)

German

  • 1545 Dies ist das Buch von der Geburt Jesu Christi, der da ist ein Sohn Davids, des Sohnes Abrahams. (Luther 1545)
  • 1871 Buch des Geschlechts Jesu Christi, des Sohnes Davids, des Sohnes Abrahams. (Elberfelder 1871)
  • 1912 Dies ist das Buch von der Geburt Jesu Christi, der da ist ein Sohn Davids, des Sohnes Abrahams. (Luther 1912)

Greek

  • 1904 Βίβλος γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, υἱοῦ Δαυῒδ, υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ. (Greek Orthodox (B. Antoniades))
  • ΒΙΒΛΟΣ τῆς γενεαλογίας τοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, υἱοῦ τοῦ Δαβίδ, υἱοῦ τοῦ Ἀβραάμ. Modern Greek (Trinitarian Bible Society)

Hungarian

Indonesian

Italian

  • 1649 LIBRO della generazione di Gesù Cristo, figliuolo di Davide, figliuolo di Abrahamo. (Giovanni Diodati Bible 1649)
  • 1927 Genealogia di Gesù Cristo figliuolo di Davide, figliuolo d’Abramo. (Riveduta Bible 1927)

Japanese

  • 1928 アラハムの子、ダビデの子、イエスキリストの系図(けいず)の巻(かん) (Naoji Nagai)

Kabyle

Khmer

Latin

Matthew 1:1 in Latin in the 1516 Novum Instrumentum omne of Erasmus
Matthew 1:1 in Latin in the 1516 Novum Instrumentum omne of Erasmus
Matthew 1:1 in Latin in the 1567 Latin New Testament of Theodore Beza
Matthew 1:1 in Latin in the 1567 Latin New Testament of Theodore Beza
  • liber generationis Iesu Christi filii David filii Abraham Latin Vulgate
  • 1527 Liber generationis Iesu Christ fili Dauid, fili Abraham. (Erasmus 1527)
  • 1527 liber generationis Iesu Christi filii David filii Abraham (Erasmus Vulgate 1527)
  • 1565 (Beza)
  • 1598 (Beza)

Latvian

Maori

Norwegian

  • 1930 Jesu Kristi, Davids sønns, Abrahams sønns ættetavle:

Pidgin

Portugese

Potawatomi

  • 1833 (Potawatomi Matthew and Acts)

Romainian

Russian

Sanskrit

Shur

Spanish

See Also Bible translations (Spanish)

Swahili

  • Yesu Kristo alikuwa mzawa wa Daudi, mzawa wa Abrahamu. Hii ndiyo orodha ya ukoo wake:

Swedish

  • 1917 Detta är Jesu Kristi, Davids sons, Abrahams sons, släkttavla. (Swedish - Svenska 1917)

Syriac

Matthew 1:1 in the 1555 Syriac New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in the 1555 Syriac New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in the 1886 Syriac New Testament
Matthew 1:1 in the 1886 Syriac New Testament
  • 1555 Johann Albrecht Widmanstadt
  • 1645 G. Sionita (Paris Polyglot, 1645).
  • 1657 B. Walton (London Polyglot, 1657).
  • 1823 S. Lee (1823)
  • 1852 Urmia edition (1852)
  • 1913 Joseph de Qelayta/Trinitarian Bible Society (1913).
  • 1892 Mosul edition (1887–92)
  • 1851 Beirut (1951)

ܟܬܵܒ̣ܵܐ ܕܝܼܠܝܼܕܘܼܬܹܗ ܕܝܼܫܘܿܥ ܡܫܝܼܚܵܐ: ܒܪܘܼܢܹܗ ܕܕܵܘܝܼܕ: ܒܪܘܼܢܹܗ ܕܐܲܒ̣ܪܵܗܵܡ.

Tagalog

  • 1905 Ang aklat ng lahi ni Jesucristo, na anak ni David, na anak ni Abraham. (Ang Dating Biblia 1905)

Thai

(Thai KJV)

Turkish

Ukrainian

Urdu

Vietnamese

  • 1934 Gia phổ Đức Chúa Jêsus Christ, con cháu Đa-vít và con cháu A�p-ra-ham. (Ma-thi-ô 1:1 Vietnamese Bible) (VIET)

Welsh

Critical Apparatus

Commentaries

Commentaries

Verse specific

Range specific

Chapter specific



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